Käpt'n Korky

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Everything posted by Käpt'n Korky

  1. None of the respectable German Belles would do let loose to that extent. Which is why I proposed the one that would. The reasons are obvious for most Germans. And I really have to bite my tongue here not to use very foul language and sound calm. @MisterBottle or am I wrong? For Lebi, I find the idea of ninja funny. It made me chuckle, so I go with it. I will otherwise not come up with an idea of my own on this topic. But if someone puts out a better proposal than ninja, I'll second that one.
  2. In our towns decorations are up around late November, but lit only after death sunday. We don't go around houses. We sing them on several occasions in preparation for christmas and christmas songs get played frequently over the radio. I wonder if anyone else has an Adventskranz.
  3. When we sing songs? Uhm, from the day after the sunday which is called "death sunday" (around 5 weeks before Weihnachten) until the 26th, which is 2nd Weihnachtstag.
  4. Don't fret. @Lolwut has that covered, if I'm not mistaken. Also I'll reinstall my Christmas pair of Leningrad and Pola then. And for DYM's Mardi Gras thing..... *inhales slowly*.....Köln..... *exhales slowly* if that's not possible I'll second Leberecht Maass.
  5. Yeah I read you. It's 2 Belles per season, and those are my votes or suggestions. Or where did you have in mind I should find support for my ideas if not in this thread? Now since I mentioned Hood nowhere all of my suggestions still need 5 votes and I can persuade or be persuaded. Or did I misread you?
  6. If Velasco is off limits, no one will hold my bet about dmnt choosing Canarias for one of the occasions I guess? Now to something actually contributing: Nenohi and De Ruyter for Easter. (Spring is best in the Netherlands. ^^) Espero and La Motte-Picquet for Bikini Voykov and Camicia Nera for Halloween Leningrad and Pola for Christmas
  7. @Shirogane Seemingly broken links: USS Stewart HMCS Saguenay HMS Ark Royal
  8. @Legate of Mineta I propose to change the rank of David J from "advanced member" to "best member" or something like that.
  9. Wilhelm F. Canaris – On the Führers secret service Kapitän zur See Wilhelm Canaris was given the command of the Schlesien on the 29th of September 1932. -Loving the Nazis- Aboard the Schlesien Canaris reportedly told his sailors “national socialism depicts everything a good German soldier stands for”. His superior noted that "I must emphasize the untiring efforts of Kapitän z.S. Canaris, in the second year by personal lectures to familiarize his crew with the ideas of the national movement and the principles of state building of the new Reich." The Nazis seemed to be for Canaris everything he hoped for. Throwing away the shackles of Versailles, uniting the country inside and geographically, restoring Germany to its former glory and, probably most importantly, restoring the German military to its former glory. Canaris also received the honor of seeing the Schlesien becoming the flagship of the Reichsmarine, when the former flagship, the Schleswig-Holstein was turned into a training vessel. Former SS General Werner Best said, Canaris was an inverted Nazi and Canaris felt the Nazis were better than anything that had gone before. In 1934 Canaris was moved to a “retirement post” as fortress commander of Swinemünde. It seemed like a dead end, Canaris was also already 50 years old, but that proved wrong. The chief of the Navy, Erich Raeder, seemed to have a close relationship with Canaris as he wrote in a private, friendly toned letter dated 11th November 1934: "I've always had the plan to put you in the position of Chief of the Abwehr Department, if possible. Unfortunately, the conditions in this before the 1st of October were not yet clear to see. Now, however, they have developed in such a way that a change in the leadership is possible in this winter half-year, presumably around January 1st, by order of the Minister. The Minister has endorsed my suggestion that you take the position." His predecessor, Kapitän Patzig, seemingly honoured his name (patzig translates to stroppy or snotty) and fell in disgrace with the Nazi regime by antagonizing the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) of the SS a bit too much. Patzig warned Canaris to look out for the SS who would try to harass him and his work to which Canaris replied: "Rest assured, I can handle these boys." Of course he could, because his old friend Reinhard Heydrich was inventor and chief of the SD and had become a close aid of Himmler, the SS-leader. This constellation lead almost immediately to a very harsh competition and both became best “frenemies” until 1942, when Heydrich was assassinated. Canaris moved with his family to Berlin and Heydrich became his neighbour. The families went together on vacations and they visited each other frequently when both men were in Berlin. At the same time their two services fought for influence and power in the Reich and both couldn’t overpower each other. Or as the man who succeeded both of them in the unified intelligence service after 1944, Walter Schellenberg, claimed: “Both have had each other completely with loads of material in hand. So no one could do something against the other, otherwise he would have put himself in danger.” Canaris supposedly had files about a non-Aryan grandmother of the rival, while Heydrich collected material about resistance in the defense. And while doing so the family contact of both families never broke off. In the beginning Canaris struggled a bit due to his low height and unmilitary appearance to get the needed respect and authority as head of the military intelligence service. But over time he showed everyone what he was capable of. He was promoted to Rear-Admiral in 1935 and came to an agreement with the SD in 1936. During that time he expanded the Abwehr immensely and professionalised it. He also had the upper hand in experience in comparison to Heydrich, who never had any real intelligence service experience prior to meeting Himmler and getting the job of forming the SD in 1932. A time when Canaris already had nearly two decades of service in secret operations. But his new post gave Canaris new insights into the Nazi regime. He came to refer to Heydrich as a “brutal fanatic” although Canaris subscribed to almost every idea the Nazis stood for. Hitler's nationalism, his social-Darwinist beliefs, his opposition to the Versailles Treaty, his belief in rebuilding a Greater German Reich, and his anti-Semitic ideology appealed to the Abwehr chief. Although one biography states Canaris suggested the “Judenstern” first in 1935, I can find more solid evidence it was Heydrichs suggestion, after the general idea of a “Mark for the Jews” was popularised as early as 1933 (yellow dot). -Canaris the international- Canaris talent for the spy game lead to the Abwehr becoming the most internationally connected service of all the German (secret) services. He had close relationships with the Spanish secret services, but especially with the military and with the Italian secret service. He also advocated and succeeded in the fostering of a very close relationship with the Japanese intelligence service. So close in fact, that the Japanese allowed officers of the Abwehr into the interrogation of a defected NKVD General in 1937. He was apparently one of the driving forces to side Germany with Japan instead of nationalistic China. (Canaris = weeaboo, confirmed!) But his much, much better understanding of Spain led him to build up an extensive network of spies and informants on the Iberian Peninsula. The Spanish civil war started on July 17th 1936 and since the bulk of the Falangist forces were in Morocco at the time, Franco asked the Reich for ten Ju-52 transport aircraft. Canaris debated with Göring and Hitler about getting involved in the conflict and made the Lufthansa (not the Luftwaffe) send 20 (instead of 10) Ju-52. They probably even came with good looking stewardesses and a filled up mini bar (just joking, but even the CIA recommends the Lufthansa….). The Italians also send 12 transport aircraft. Without Canaris the coup of the Falangist forces would have been over before it even started. Canaris also worked to convince Hitler and the OKW (Oberkommando Wehrmacht – Supreme command of the military) to form the Legion Condor to help Franco in his battle for Spain. The nationalist forces in Spain also had the initial problem of having two disconnected sectors under control and insufficient radio equipment. Canaris helped them with that problem as well. The Abwehr managed all radio transmissions necessary. And eventually Canaris reached out to the Italian chief of intelligence, Mario Roatta, to suggest an Italian Legion for the fascists in Spain. Canaris was present on the meeting in Rome, where the Italian military high command decided to aid Franco. Canaris also frequently flew to Spain to ease tensions between Spanish, German and Italian forces and commanders. He also saw to it, that the ambassador of Germany in Spain, Faulpel, was replaced, because Faulpel often intervened when German prisoners of the international brigade were to be executed. He also took care to replace the commander of the Legion Condor, Hugo Sperrle, because he was an asshole who pissed off the Spanish generals with his arrogance, among other things, more than once. Spain also proves how complicated the structures between the Abwehr of Canaris and the SD of Heydrich was (and how much Hitler loved to put his commanders into rivalry, not caring about effectiveness). The Abwehr issued a part of the GFP (Geheime Feldpolizei – secret field police) as secret service of Legion condor, but it was staffed by the SD, but under the command of the Legion Condor itself and reported, if ever, to the local headquarter in Spain, be it of Legion Condor or the Spanish army. So Canaris was about everywhere involved in Spain, but his “core business” was kind of out of his hands in Spain. -Something changes- Up until 1936 Canaris fully backed Hitler and everything the Nazis did, saying "He's (Hitler) approachable and sees something, if you just give it to him correctly." and "If you're a really good soldier, you'll be a good National Socialist, too." But in 1937 something changed. And I as an amateur writer find myself in shallow waters, because now comes the part where some stories are poorly backed by evidence or fabricated to spin some kind of “resistance mythology” around Canaris. The only thing that’s for sure is: He changed the sides and fought the republic again (Nazigermany was still a republic, “just” an undemocratic one. Technically even the Weimar constitution was still in effect.) Canaris became aware of the true nature of the Konzentrationslager (KZ – concentration camps) and the bombing of Gernika left him reportedly shocked. Canaris asked in Winter 1936 Himmler if it was possible for some members of the OKW, including himself, to visit a KZ, because he had heard a bit more than rumors. They visited the KZ Sachsenhausen, north of Berlin, and were greeted by the inspector general of all KZs, Theodor Eicke, and some freshly tortured inmates on display. The KZ staff talked very chipper about torture methods and offered to show some of them to the guests. All of this served unwillingly the goal of Canaris, to show the OKW the inhumanity of the regime. And in autumn 1937 he told his predecessor Patzig that the Nazis “from top to bottom, they are all criminals who destroy Germany” and when Patzig asked how Canaris could remain as head of the Abwehr under such circumstances, Canaris replied: “If I leave, Heydrich comes. Then all is lost. I have to sacrifice myself.” Why “sacrifice”? Well Canaris knew with his attitude he was no anti-Hitler hero. He was just a normal German, who kind of was okay with the political targets of Hitler in general, who held the rank of Rear-Admiral and could do “things”, but if he tried to fully save the day a lot of stuff would go much worse than it maybe would go under his influence and who thought the Nazis “simply went too far”. In 1937. So he knew he would carry out what we define today as crimes against humanity to protect the small achievements and sabotages he hoped to accomplish. The first example of this is the infamous Anschluss of Austria 1938. -Anschluss and resistance- In preparations for the Anschluss Canaris staged a lot of missions against Austria to prepare the country for occupation and annexation masked as a vote. His service executed all tasks with excellence. But when it was achieved in March 1938 he got to the Austrian secret service first, seized the files about leading Nazis for the Abwehr and recruited two Austrian top-spies and told them: “Recruit me some people of your service. And bring Austrians, no Ostmärker, especially to Berlin.” Ostmark was the name of the province which Austria became in the 3rd Reich after the Anschluss. Canaris had changed. He organised and covered for two big resistance circles inside the Wehrmacht. And he was only one of two Navy officers I could find among them. In a very long list and beyond. If you know of another one please tell me (The other one was Korvettenkapitän Alfred Kranzfelder. Admiral Bürkner was in Canaris inner circle, but was not active part of the resistance). The navy probably had less “traitors”, because Raeder and Dönitz made very sure the Navy loved the party and showed it. And initially Canaris helped them as shown above. Also the Navy was part of relatively few crimes. The one resistance circle he was only passively covering up a bit was the “Anti-Hitler” resistance group around the judge Hans von Dohnanyi. The other one was the “Anti-War” resistance around the Oberleutnant Hans Oster, who was given an important position in the Abwehr by Canaris. The members of each circle changed over time, Oster himself even switched into the Anti-Hitler circle, but later than around early 1938. On April 1st 1938 Canaris was promoted to Vice-Admiral since his Abwehr did a good job, preparing the Anschluss in March. In the following months Canaris did little to prevent the crisis with Czechoslovakia and the Abwehr even helped to prepare acts of sabotage and terrorism in case a war broke out. The Abwehr also took part in preparations for a war against Poland. They recruited Ukrainian volunteers, also for sabotage when a war would break out. They also infiltrated the polish territory. The only “acts of resistance” were firm protest against the planned bombardment of Warzaw, which should be bombarded no matter how the war was going and Canaris took notes. Notes of a speech of Hitler on the 22. August 1939 about the war in front of 50 military officers of the OKW. It was forbidden to take notes, but Canaris not only took notes but read those notes to his inner staff, who were all in on the “low level” resistance plan. And one of them slipped an American journalist of the Associated Press a note about it, with a date for the attack and that journalist gave it to the British on the 25th of August 1939. And the Brits stepped up and stopped Hitler before he could do anything and the war was prevented, Poland was saved and…. Ah who am I kidding, we all know at least in general what happened. It’s also the point where the resistance activities of Canaris become more active. But I will now leave you hanging until at least the beta of VB is out. Unless @Legate of Mineta tells me otherwise, because I don’t want to spoil everything in case they have built Canaris or the Abwehr or some references cunningly into the game.
  10. Good day ladies and gentlemen, as some of you might have noticed I'm from the beautiful .... the city of Dortmund, germany. Please check wikipedia for further information ont he city and it's WWII history. Some other might also have read my rant about "no KMS Dortmund" in the Gneisenau thread. And finally @Wellington99 asked me about german names regarding a fanfic project. So I thought: Were there any prominent naval officers from Dortmund? And the answer is yes. And maybe other interesting figures in the 1930's to 1940's? And again: Yes. Starting today I will give relatively short biographies of those ladies and gentlemen. And I'll start with THE most german named man anyone can ever come accross: Heinz Stahlschmidt - The Bordeaux Chorlitz (later Henri Salmide) Heinz was born on November 13th 1919 in Dortmund. As a young man he learned plumber before he joined the Kriegsmarine in 1939, where he became a demolition and explosion expert. He specialised in defusing British mines. He was sunk three times during the war, but survived. For that reason he was given a landbased post 1941 in the harbour of Bordeaux and an entry on the honourlist of the Kriegsmarine. When the western allies arrived in France after D-Day and it became clear they would not be pushed back into the ocean, the German high command ordered the port of Bordeaux to be destroyed. As member of the demolition squad Boatswain/ Petty officer Heinz Stahlschmidt got the orders. On August the 26th 1944 the port of Bordeaux was to be blown up, estimating about 3,500 casualties among the French who lived there. Faced with that order Heinz decided to not only defy it, but to save the city. He knew very well where and how the explosives were stored, so he send the guard away on the 22nd and blew up all explosives the Germans had in one grand explosion that shook the whole city. About 50 German soldiers died and Heinz was immediately searched for by the Gestapo and military police. He was marked a traitor who was to be arrested or shot on sight. Heinz survived thanks to some resistance contacts from his love and later wife. They hid him even after the war was over, because when the French took over the city the French police and military police searched for him as well. He was a German and had served in the German occupation army after all. He later became a naturalised French with the adopted name of Henri Salmide in 1947. In Germany he was branded a traitor after the war (keep in mind the people and families of the people of the Stauffenberg conspiracy were also traitors to the german republic way until the mid 1980’s). He was stricken from the honourlist of the Kriegsmarine and not relisted after the war and also did not receive any soldier pension. He was stricken out of the people who could receive it because of treachery. In France he joined the port firebrigade of Bordeaux (how fitting, I know) but received no credit for his deed, because the resistance took all the credit. Only in 1990 his story began to surface when a local French newspaper reported about his actions in 1944. He was later acknowledged as the saviour of Bordeaux and became a member of the French Legion of honour in 2000 for 23 years of civil service. The main building of the Bordeaux harbour was named after him in 2012. Also a small street the “Rue Henri Salmide” near the submarine base of Bordeaux was named after him. He reportedly visited germany only one time again in 2001. To the city of Dortmund, natürlich. About the events in 1944 he said, “It was the best thing I ever did in my life.” Henri Salmide died on the 23rd of February 2010 in Bordeaux and was buried there. For further information people fluent in French can read the book “Bordeaux brûle-t-il?” by Dominique Lormier. 17 pages of that book are about him. @Cuirassé_Richelieu
  11. I had a new idea for a pairing. I think no one else mentioned it before and when you read it, it's kinda obvious: Lampo and Hans Lüdemann. The reason is obvious I think. Both are engineers and both are different in doing their job. So the result of such a scene can be a lot of .... anything really. I would totally love to see them in one (boiler) room and see what happens.
  12. 5 IJN shipwrecks found off the coast of the Philippines: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20171207_21/
  13. Good day, since I found this very interesting piece of news online, I thought it would be a good moment to start a contemporary naval history thread. The first post is about the subs of the Royal Navy. For everyone who missed the link: https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2017/05/prudent-ask-britains-nuke-subs-also-hit-ransomware/
  14. History proves you only need one German battleship to keep the whole Royal Navy busy. So for the Morgana Leberecht Maass should be enough. HahaHA! And no, I'm totally not overconfident here.
  15. I'm the second to second Spee and also second the seconding of @Ninjapacman.
  16. Yes, and for that reason alone I love this weeks Update. And Backgammon. And the Alcohol involved. And Nawlins stating, correctly, that the war might change drastically by the decision we make. That was the second hardest nut to crack for me when considering my decision.
  17. After very much consideration. Maybe way too much of it. Option 1.
  18. Scharnhorst.
  19. Ha, finally held my update schedule! *celebrates germanly* Wilhelm F. Canaris – Weimar Republic years 12. November 1918. The war to end all wars was over. 31 years old Wilhelm Canaris moored his U-Boot and left the seas. UB-128 was to be eventually surrendered to the Royal Navy. And Canaris? Canaris faced a republic he really disliked. -Helping the republic to fight- When Canaris arrived in Kiel the Governor of Kiel, social-democrat Gustav Noske, held a speech to inform the sailors about the situation in Germany. The sailors had rebelled, the republic was declared and an armistice signed. Canaris immediately joined the forces of Wilfried of Loewenfeld. The group organized an anti-republican pool of navy officers and sailors and managed to get more or less rid of all “red” sailors in Kiel. Canaris was assigned to handle the contacts with the politicians, especially Gov. Noske. The sailors were successful in working with Noske, who was a right-wing social-democrat, meaning he hated communists and did not want to work with them. The most prominent example was the “Spartakus uprising” in January 1919. How it came to be is very complicated, but in January 1919 the communist party tried to seize the power in Berlin. Noske had become part in the government as “people’s representative for the military forces”. Which more or less meant he was supreme commander of officially non-existent military forces. And all the right wing non-existing military forces (“Freikorps”) were more or less loyal to him…. Or at least loyal to the cause of fighting and killing commies. So they did. The two leaders of the German communists, Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg (yes, a woman), are a worthy read for their own, but on that January 1919 they were killed by members of a Freikorps led by Wilhelm Pabst and somehow Canaris was a part of the whole affair. He still served his role as contact officer (Verbindungsoffizier, cf. signature of @Ninjapacman ) and made sure the intentions of Noske and Pabst, were on par. And on the 15th January 1919 Luxemburg and Liebknecht were killed by the Freikorps. The real circumstances are very muddy and no one can tell for sure where Canaris was that day. But most people believe, and evidence supports it, he was somehow involved. Officially he was a member of the Loewenfeld-Freikorps, but he was kind of promoted in between to be the contact officer for much more military units who wanted to coordinate or simply talk to Noske. And Noske was in charge of every military operation in Berlin and the rest of Germany. For its faithful service to the republic Canaris could convince Noske to “promote” the group to the 3rd Brigade Marines in February 1919. Thus making them an official military force of Germany. He also served the Navy in negotiations with the parliament when it was decided to form the “Reichsmarineamt” (Navy office of the Reich), which later would become the Navy command. Since simply killing some civilians (who technically weren’t part of the rebellion, but of course the leaders of the movement which carried out the rebellion) still was and is a crime in Germany an investigation was demanded and started which led to a trial. In May 1919 a military (!) court was constituted to judge over the now identified suspects of the illegal killings/ murders of Luxemburg and Liebknecht. The chief justice of the court was…. Wilhelm Canaris. Unsurprising for everyone six of the nine suspects six were acquitted of all charges. All nine were acquitted of some charges, including murder. Two were convicted to two years in prison and one to 6 weeks of arrest in his barracks. The two sentenced to prison were freed soon after. And the main suspect, Vogel, was freed by Canaris himself. That fact is agreed upon and Canaris was even sentenced to prison for it. He served four days in prison in Berlin before the prison sentence was modified to an “honor detention” in the Berlin castle, the military HQ, and later acquitted by a military tribunal, whose members were exclusively picked from the very same Freikorps (Garde-Kavallerie-Schützen-Division) that carried out the murders. How convenient for him. For his faithful service to the republic (and Noske) the now Reichsminister of the military Gustav Noske made Canaris his personal adjutant and put him in charge of all affairs regarding the Navy. And Canaris got married with Erika Waag, daughter of an industrial. It was seemingly an arranged marriage, but I could be wrong and the couple had two daughters. -A putsch– In February 1920 the allied commission demanded the disbanding of all Freikorps in Germany. Because they were officially not listed as military units but acted like military units and exceeded the 100.000 regulation of the treaty of Versailles by far. So Noske had to order the Freikorps to disband on 29th February 1920. And Canaris switched sides. He was sent by Noske to inspect the Marines in Kiel, if they showed any signs of disobedience or were even preparing for a military coup. Canaris arrived on March 12th and found all Marines ready for action, assembled and waiting for the marching orders to start the coup. He reported to Noske “no signs for coup related activities” and joined the Marines, he never really left. Most of the Freikorps went into revolt and initiated what is now known as the Kapp-Lüttwitz-Putsch or Kapp-coup. The Freikorps seized power in Berlin on the March 13th and other parts of the Reich under the command of General Lüttwitz and declared Kapp as chancellor. The army refused to act on their comrades in the Freikorps and therefor all members of the parliament and the government fled Berlin. The very next day the socialist and communist movement called upon all workers for a general strike. And it worked. Kapp never got a real power grip, because the workers, the industry and, most importantly, the civil administration refused to work with him. And the Reichswehr stayed neutral. The putsch was over after 4 days and the republic had prevailed. Canaris was arrested but again acquitted, this time by a civil court, because there was no evidence he helped to prepare the coup. He justified his actions with the sentence: “I had the choice to follow Noske or the squad.” The new Reichsminister of the military transferred Canaris nonetheless. He became first officer of the Navy station of the Baltic Sea. Canaris was 33 years old. -Something something secret- Canaris used his expertise in secret operations to manage some illegal weapon trades in the Baltic area. Especially Denmark was now his field of operation. He made contacts with some right wing underground organisations, like the Organisation Consul (OC). OC was a right wing terrorist organization which made a great deal of money and acquired a lot of weapons via Canaris. The OC was infamously responsible for the murder of Michael Erzberger (first to sign the armistice of Compiegne) and Reichsminister for foreign affairs Walter Rathenau. OC also attempted to murder other politicians but was eliminated by the republic in 1923. Two of its members later became bodyguards of Adolf Hitler. The trading partner on the other side in Denmark btw was often the IRA among others. But since the Royal Navy was better than the Irish smugglers close to none German weapons took part in the Irish war of independence. Canaris carried on with his secret arms trade and serving as the first officer so well his superior noted in his file: "With purposeful untiring labor, prudent and clear judgment, energetic yet humble demeanor, secure and forward-looking organizational gift, he (Canaris) has an excellent part in the successes in the reconstruction of the men discipline and the solution of all military tasks and endeavors of the station commando." In June 1923, coincidently (?) with the liquidation of OC, Canaris was transferred to the small cruiser Berlin as first officer, under the command of Wilfried von Loewenfeld, (Remember him?). There he met a certain Reinhard Heydrich, who would become the architect of the Holocaust, which he befriended. The Canaris and Heydrich family became close friends until the end of Heydrich in 1942. He also was promoted to Korvettenkapitän during his service aboard the Berlin. Canaris served on the Berlin until May 1924, when he was sent on a mission to Osaka, Japan. A secret mission, natürlich. He was to report on the progress of the semi-secretly developed U-Boote for the Reichsmarine. When the mission was scrapped officially because the British found out and were not happy about the treaty violation, Canaris moved the secret mission to Spain. With his old spy network and his excellent knowledge of Spain and Spanish he was able to get the production of U-Boote for the Finnish, Turkish and Spanish navy underway. By producing in a Spanish wharf for third party/neutral countries the operation avoided detection and the German technicians developed new U-Boot types and techniques. -Some revealed secrets- Canaris operated undisturbed in Spain until 1926, when he was summoned to a “committee of enquiry of the German parliament about questions of responsibilities for everything related to the First World War”. And yes the work of that committee was as complicated and extensive as its English title. If you are really interested in the “German side” of the First World War you should look into the files that committee assembled. However, Canaris defended the Navy, repeating every lie and excuse the military had come up with since 1918. He denied a rebellious attitude of the sailors. That attitude was, according to Canaris, brought into the Navy by agents from the outside. And he also took care the Navy high commands true intentions – dying in glory at sea, taking thousands of sailors with them against the royal navy, instead of seeking peace and not wasting men and material in a futile battle - were not officially revealed. Due to his role in that committee he was targeted by pro-republican and anti-militaristic press. That media attention also resurfaced the question of Canaris involvement in the murder of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht in 1919, including the freeing of the alleged killer Vogel. It also showed in the press how Canaris seemingly sat in the center of everything when it came to rightwing anti republic movements and their money, like the weapons trade for OC. Canaris had a hard time fighting those accusations off and just when he was about to relax for a minute the Lohmann-affair happened. For those who didn’t read about it in the KMM or don’t know about it from other sources: The Lohmann-affair brought to daylight a secret and highly illegal program of the military. In a “black money pot” the military sold illegally ships and equipment meant for scrapping or the Entente and used the money to issue secret projects for a rearmament, like Canaris in Spain did, on the one hand and also trained and equipped secret fighting forces, like Marines fighting against French and Belgian occupation in the Ruhr region, on the other hand. (Yes, the thing Korky did, cf. link above.) The Reichsminister of the military Geßler and the Admiral of the Navy Hans Zenker had to resign. Despite all that pressure Canaris proceeded with his career in the Navy and successfully negotiated a secret agreement with Spain about the training of German naval troops in Spain. -Out of the “spotlight”- The new Admiral of the Navy, Erich Raeder*, took Canaris and removed him from Spain and all secret operations. He feared Canaris would get sloppy in his secrecy and Raeder certainly did not want to share the fate of Zenker, who had to resign because of such a thing. So Canaris was transferred to the Schlesien as first officer in June 1929. When things calmed down around Canaris, he was promoted to Fregattenkapitän and transferred into the position of chief of staff of the North Sea station of the Navy. There he faced again accusations regarding the freeing of Vogel and his role in the Luxemburg-Liebknecht affair, during a trial against one of the journalists who had targeted him in the 1920’s. The charge was treason. The Navy gave a “declaration of honour” in Canaris favour and nothing could be stuck to Canaris. The journalist, Berthold Jacob, was acquitted btw. After the trial Canaris was promoted to Kapitän zur See. He was given the command of the Schlesien on the 29th of September 1932. 1932 also was the year Canaris publicly held a speech in front of his man, praising National Socialism for the first time. That’s where I will continue next time. *The also supreme Admiral of the Navy in 1939, and thus when VB will begin.
  20. Or an Ark Maid. ^^
  21. This one took and takes longer than anticipated. I hope it is a worthy article and you who takes the time and effort to read it will be satisfied. Wilhelm F. Canaris - On His Majesty’s Naval Service Wilhelm Franz Canaris was born January 1st 1887 in Aplerbeck, a town which became a part of the city of Dortmund in 1929. It was more or less coincidence he was born there, since his family migrated since a few decades through Europe. The Kanaris family originates in Greece and the famous Greece Konstatin Kanaris, a Greece national naval hero, probably motivated young Wilhelm to join the navy, even though he grew up in Duisburg, relatively far away from the sea. His branch of the family had only come under his father into the Ruhrgebiet and said father wanted young Wilhelm to join the cavalry rather than the navy. For that reason he gifted his son with a horse when Wilhelm turned 15 and forced him to join the heavy cavalry regiment “Prinz von Bayern”, but his father died in 1904 because of a stroke. His mother gave him in 1905 finally the permission to join the imperial German navy. Due to his wealthy birth and his service in the cavalry he was enlisted as a Seekadett (sea cadet) right away. He graduated in 1907 as Fähnrich zur See (ensign), with one of his instructors remarking “In theory very talented, of iron diligence”. -First naval services for the Reich- His first assignment came in October 1907 on the small cruiser SMS Bremen. The Bremen was a station cruiser and first visited a lot of ports in South America and the Caribbean before touring US and Canadian ports. Canaris probably learned fluent Spanish and good English during those voyages. He helped his captain to install a network of informants in South America, using his new language skills and showed for the first time his remarkable social skills. He was promoted to Leutnant z.S. in September 1908 and became the adjutant of the captain of the Bremen. In this position he took part in the international blockade fleet of Venezuela and the negotiations in 1909, following a debt crisis with the Netherlands. The result was the overthrowing of the current president by the military after Germany convinced the president to leave the country for medical treatment. Canaris role in the negotiations to end the crisis was so important the new head of Venezuela, Juan Vicente Gómez, awarded Lt. Canaris with the Bolivar-order (V. class). The Bremen took part in the New York Hudson-Fulton parade in 1909. Soon after Canaris was reassigned to several torpedo boats to test his skill as a commanding officer. The results were positive and he was promoted to Oberleutnant (Lt. 1st class) in 1910. In 1911 he was assigned to the second famous cruiser of the two ship Dresden-class, the SMS Dresden. (The most famous being the SMS Emden, natürlich.) Before she became a small legend, Canaris and the Dresden took themselves out of service for several months in 1911 by colliding with the cruiser Königsberg. Back in service they visited Valetta together and then the Dresden was assigned in the Mediterranean division, centered around the SMS Goeben (Down, DYM, down!). The division was to patrol the area of the eastern Mediterranean to protect German shipping during the second Balkans war. Canaris got the special task to oversee the building of the Baghdad railway…. which would eventually be blown up under the supervision of a certain Lawrence of Arabia a few years later. After a few months the Dresden was ordered back to Kiel for an overhaul and then assigned to the South America station of the German imperial fleet. The reason was the Mexican revolution where the Dresden was to protect German citizens and ended up with 2000 US-citizens on her. This was due to a rescue mission the SMS Dresden rolled out together with the HMS Hermione to rescue non-Mexicans from Hotels in Vera Cruz. All US citizens were returned to the US safely. Soon after that rescue the Dresden took part in the “Ypiranga Incident”. The Ypiranga was sent to Mexico with small arms for the Mexican federal government, since the USA had issued a weapons embargo against Mexico. The Ypiranga arrived in Vera Cruz just one day after the US had occupied the city and was detained. One day later the Dresden arrived and reminded the US troops of the illegality of such actions, since the US had not declared war on Mexico, nor declared a blockade to enforce the embargo against other nations. The Dresden “confiscated” the merchant ship, let it unload in the nearby, unoccupied Puerto Mexico, and then “forced” it to transport German refugees out of Mexico. At the end of the civil war the Dresden transported the toppled Huerta, his vice-president and their families to Kingston, Jamaika, where they were granted asylum by the British Empire. They arrived in Jamaika on July 25th 1914, just days before WWI broke out. I could not find any written record or statement of the role Canaris played during the evacuation of Huerta, but given his service in Venezuela he was probably pretty involved. -The war to end all wars- Part 1, SMS Dresden When the war broke out the Dresden was ordered to fight a cruiser war against Entente ships in the southern Atlantic. The only problem was a huge one: Coal was low on the cruiser. If no british coal transport was to be seized, the war would be over for the Dresden, before the Royal Navy had time to ….. well, spoilers. Wait for it. But Canaris saved the day…. And the war effort of the Dresden. He knew some german merchants in Chile and Argentinia and organized a coal transport to come to the Dresden and it worked fine. On the 10th of August the Dresden stocked up on coal and started its war. On the way to the rendezvous point the Dresden stopped three British merchants but let them go because the captains could convince Cap. Lüdecke not to know about the war declaration. In September 1914, after some small successes in the Atlantic, the Dresden was ordered to change its position into the Pacific to wait for the Ostasiengeschwader under the command of Vice-admiral Maximilian Reichsgraf von Spee (yes, that one). Since the Dresden knew via Canaris contacts in Chile and Argentinia where the British hunters were, they escaped into the Pacific met up with the SMS Leipzig and together met the fleet of von Spee at the Easter Islands. The then following Battle of Coronel and the Battle of the Falklands are worth their own articles by a historian/history nerd more professional than me. But yeah, the German fleet gave the world the first defeat of the Royal Navy since some defeats against the US Navy a hundred years earlier. For the reconnaissance via his contacts prior to the battle of Coronel Canaris was awarded the iron cross 2nd class. This annoyed the Royal Navy so much, they send a fleet definitively capable of sinking the Ostasiengeschwader near the Falklands. The German ships were sunk and only the Dresden escaped. She was finally scuttled by its own crew, while the British shelled her in the Chilean port of San Juan Bautista, Robinson Islands on the 14th March 1915 (illegally yes, but the Royal Navy was really very annoyed). It’s still there, if you want to pay it a visit. The whole story of the Dresden is probably worth an article by a person more capable than me. The crew, including Canaris, was interned by Chile. End of story….? No! -The war to end all wars- Part 2, Back home and back in action Canaris successfully escaped the internment camp (which was more like a German colony, they even started collecting and cataloging fossils, while building and maintaining a small village) and for the first time in recorded history vanished to switch places with the Chilean merchant Reed Rosas. He rode over the mountains from Chile to Argentina and sailed to Portugal and from there to Portsmouth, England. Yes, England. His disguise was so good, the English port control suspected nothing and after proceeding to the Netherlands or Norway he reached Kiel or Hamburg. Alone or with others. My sources are contradictory on that point. There he reported about the destiny of the Dresden and was reassigned to the U-Boot section. His first assignment was Spain in November 1915. His job was to organize a supply line with Spanish merchants for German U-Boote and a network of recon contacts to report about enemy ship movements. To fulfill his task he again switched into the role of the Chilean merchant Reed Rosas. But he wanted frontline action and asked for a reassignment. His request was granted and in February 1916 he tried to reach the German border via Switzerland, but was captured by the enemy and imprisoned in Genoa, Italy. He somehow managed to escape, get back to Spain and managed a dramatic pick-up with U-35 in a bay near Cartagena. The French were informed by a mole in the German embassy, so the French submarine Opale and an auxiliary cruiser were actually looking for them in said bay. Back in Germany in autumn 1916 Canaris was awarded the iron cross 1st class for his service in Spain and was finally assigned for training as U-Boot commander. His first U-Boot he was assigned to was the UC-27 on which he only made training cruises (I assume, since UC-27 was pretty successful, but has no real record with him as commander). After he finished training, he was assigned sub-commander (badum-tuss) on U-34 in which he made his first combat cruise. He claimed his first sinkings on January 28th and 30th , a French and a British cargo ship respectively. He left the U-34 in May 1918 to command the newly commissioned UB-128. The UB-128 the first try to reach the Austro-Hungarian port of Kotor in the Adriatic Sea was aborted since one crewmember got seriously sick and some technical problems nearly sank the U-Boot. A second try from August to September 1918 was successful. A British torpedo missed when they tried to break through into the Atlantic. On August 21st Canaris and UB-128 claimed their only victim, the French coal freighter Champlain. They reached Kotor in early September 1918, but already left the port on 28th Oct. 1918, due to the crumbling of the Austro-Hungarian state. 10 U-Boote were scuttled and the other 15 tried to reach Germany. On November 8th he tried to break through the completely blockaded strait of Gibraltar. The Royal and US Navy blocked his path and spotted him with spotlights on the Spanish side of the strait. He was attacked with 7 water bombs and the boat lost depth control and found itself in 60m depth, when control was finally reestablished. The following night Canaris found the pursuers left and he was finally able to get into the ocean. There the news about the armistice reached him on November 12th 1918. According to orders he cruised to the Kors-Fjord in Norway, where his U-Boot met up the remaining U-Boote of the Mediterranean area and together they reached Kiel on 29th of November 1918. The war to end all wars was over.
  22. U-29 X obscure/mysterious relics Hans Lüdemann X new wrenches/tools Lampo X strange/exploding inventions
  23. "Retirement" .... Blade Runner 1959. But another thought: If the 1939 Belles stay around, form new ones on the ships build after the war @TwoHeavens @Ninjapacman?
  24. The pic von Lipstig postet means Germany occupied the US in that game?
  25. @Legate of Mineta thank you so much for calling German a romance language....