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Panay's Ghost

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  1. March 12 1942 HMS St Briac (RN Fleet Air Arm target-towing vessel, formerly a cross-Channel ferry): Broke down in a gale, drifted into a mine field and sank in the North Sea east of Arboath. She was one of the many ships that had taken part in Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of Dunkirk. 1943 HMS Lightning (RN L-class destroyer): Torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Algeria by S-55 and S-158. R 74 (Kriegsmarine Type R 41 minesweeper): Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France. HMS Turbulent (RN T-class submarine): Struck a mine and sank in the Mediterranean Sea off La Maddelena, Sardinia, Italy. U-130 (Kriegsmarine Type IX submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by USS Champlin. 1944 Sansei Maru (IJN auxiliary transport): Broke in two and sank at Chichi-Jima. On 8 December 1943, she had been torpedoed and damaged near Iwo Jima by USS Sawfish, and was still under repair. 1945 USS Bass (USN Barracuda-class submarine, decommissioned): Sunk by a Fido acoustic homing torpedo southeast of Block Island, Rhode Island, for use as a sonar target. Capitaine Coulon (Vichy patrol vessel): Scuttled at Vinh Long, French Indochina. Hinode Maru No. 1 GO (IJN auxiliary guard ship): Sunk by US aircraft east of the Ryukyu Islands. KFK 677, 679, 680 and 683-699 (Kreigsmarine KSK-class naval trawlers, incomplete): Sunk at the Burmester Shipyard during the US air raid on Swinemünde. M 266 (Kriegsmarine minesweeper): Sunk in an American air raid on Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein. M 804 (Kriegsmarine minesweeper): Sunk in an American air raid on Kiel. M 805 (Kriegsmarine minesweeper): Sunk in an American air raid on Kiel. M 3137 (Kriegsmarine KSK-2-class naval drifter/minesweeper): Bombed and sunk in the Baltic Sea off Kolberg, Pomerania by Soviet aircraft. MRS-4 (Kriegsmarine depot ship): Torpedoed and sunk off the Kvaløytå Lighthouse, Haugesund, Norway by HNoMS MTB-711. Mutsusho Maru No. 2 GO (IJN auxiliary patrol ship): Lost on this date. R-243 (Kriegsmarine Type R-218 minesweeper): Sunk off Swinemünde, either by a US air raid, or by Soviet aircraft. R-272, R-273, R-274, R-275 and R-276 (Kriegsmarine Type R-218 minesweepers, incomplete): Destroyed at the Burmester Shipyard in a US air raid on Swinemünde. U-260 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Struck a mine and sank in the Atlantic Ocean south of Ireland. U-296 (Kreigsmarine Type VIIC/41 submarine): Struck a mine and sank in the Irish Sea, near the western entrance of the North Channel. U-2547 (Kreigsmarine Type XXI submarine): So severely damaged in an American air raid on Hamburg that her construction was abandoned. She had been launched just days earlier, on 9 March. UJ 303 (Kriegsmarine submarine chaser): Sunk by Soviet aircraft in the Baltic Sea. UJ 321 (Kriegsmarine KSK-2-class naval drifter/submarine chaser): Lost on this date. V 315 (Kriegsmarine naval trawler/Vorpostenboot, former Bris): Damaged by Soviet aircraft, later collided with Hendrik Fisser 7 and sank in the Baltic Sea off Großendorf, Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia. V 2023 Karlsburg (Kriegsmarine Vorposteboot): Sunk in an American air raid on Swinemünde.
  2. March 11 1940 U-31 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIA submarine): Bombed and sunk in the Jade Bight by RAF aircraft. She was salvaged, repaired and returned to service. 1941 HMT Revello (RN trawler): Bombed and sunk at Portsmouth, Hampshire by Luftwaffe aircraft. She was raised on 20 March, repaired and returned to service. HMS Witherington (RN W-class destroyer): Bombed and damaged at Portsmouth by Luftwaffe aircraft. She was beached then later repaired and returned to service. 1942 HMS Naiad (RN Dido-class light cruiser): Torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea north of Sidi Barrani, Egypt by U-565. HMT Stella Capella (RN trawler): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Iceland by U-701. 1943 HMS Harvester (RN H-class destroyer): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by U-432. Karin (Kriegsmarine blockade runner, former Mota Nopan): Intercepted in the Atlantic Ocean by USS Eberle and USS Savannah. She was scuttled by timed explosives as she was being boarded. M 4620 Harvestehude (Kriegsmarine naval trawler/auxiliary minesweeper): Torpedoed and sunk by a Norwegian motor torpedo boat off Askvoll, Norway. U-432 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged, shelled and sunk by in the Atlantic Ocean by Aconit. U-444 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged, rammed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of Ireland by Aconit and HMS Harvester. 1944 Dupleix (French Suffren-class heavy cruiser): Her bow was (re)sunk in an Allied air raid on Toulon. She broke in two when she was scuttled with the rest of the French Fleet on 27 November 1942 and both sections were refloated by Italian salvage teams on 3 July 1943. M 6000 Altino (Kriegsmarine auxiliary minesweeper): Lost on this date. M 6024 (Kriegsmarine minesweeper, former Crabe-class naval tugboat Erable): Bombed and sunk at Toulon by Allied aircraft. U-380 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Sunk at Toulon in a USAF air raid. U-410 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Bombed and sunk at Toulon in a USAF air raid. UIT-22 (Kriegsmarine Liuzzi-class submarine, former Alpino Bagnolini): Bombed and sunk south of the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa by SAAF aircraft. 1945 M 266 (Kriegsmarine Type 1940 minesweeper): Bombed and sunk by aircraft at Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein. She was later scrapped. M 804 (Kriegsmarine Type 1943 minesweeper): Bombed and sunk by aircraft at Mönkeberg, Schleswig-Holstein. M 805 (Kriegsmarine Type 1943 minesweeper): Bombed and sunk by aircraft at Heikendorf, Schleswig-Holstein. M 5202 (Kriegsmarine Type 1935 minesweeper): Sunk by British aircraft off Fedjefjord, Norway. U-681 (Kreigsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of the Isles of Scilly, United Kingdom by US Navy aircraft. U-682 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Destroyed at Hamburg in an USAF air raid. Wayo Maru (IJN auxiliary water tanker): Bombed and sunk south west of Macao by US Navy aircraft. 1946 USS Roche (USN Cannon-class destroyer escort, decommissioned): Scuttled in the Pacific Ocean off Yokosuka, Japan. She struck a mine on 29 September 1945 while on an escort mission into Tokyo Bay, and had been deemed 'damaged beyond economical repair'.
  3. March 10 1942 Kongō Maru (IJN Kiyosumi Maru-class armed merchant cruiser): Bombed and sunk in Huon Bay off Lae, New Guinea by aircraft from USS Lexington and USS Yorktown. Tenyo Maru (IJN auxiliary minelayer/ transport): Bombed, broke in two and sank in Huon Bay by aircraft from USS Lexington and USS Yorktown. Yokohama Maru (IJN transport): Bombed and sunk in Huon Bay by aircraft from USS Lexington and USS Yorktown. 1943 Keijo Maru (IJN fleet oiler): Bombed and damaged by USAAF aircraft near South Celebes, Dutch East Indies. She was beached on a reef and torpedoed on 17 March by USS Tautog to prevent her from being salvaged. U-633 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Rammed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by SS Scorton. 1944 HMS Asphodel (RN Flower-class corvette): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west northwest of Cape Finisterre, Spain by U-575. USS SC-700 (USN submarine chaser): Burned at Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands in a refueling accident. S-54 (Soviet Navy S-class submarine): Struck a mine and sank in Syltefjord, Norway. U-343 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tunisia by HMT Mull. U-450 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Tyrrhenian Sea off Ostia, Italy by HMS Blankney, HMS Blencathra, HMS Brecon, HMS Exmoor and USS Madison. U-625 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the North Atlantic west of Ireland by RCAF aircraft. U-845 (Kriegsmarine Type IXC/40 submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMS Forester, HMCS Owen Sound, HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Swansea. 1945 Amiral Charner (Vichy Bougainville-class aviso): Bombed and damaged by Imperial Japanese aircraft, then scuttled in the Mekong River, French Indochina. Dokai Maru (IJA transport): Torpedoed and sunk north of Amami O-Shima by USS Kete. Keizan Maru (IJN transport): Torpedoed and sunk north of Amami O-Shima by USS Kete. Marne (Vichy Somme-class gunboat): Scuttled at Can Tho, French Indochina. She was raised and scrapped after the war. HNoMS Nordhav II (Norwegian auxiliary minesweeping trawler): Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Dundee, Perthshire, United Kingdom by U-714. Sanka Maru (IJA transport): Torpedoed and sunk north of Amami O-Shima by USS Kete. Seishin Maru (IJA oiler): Bombed and sunk in Tourane Bay, French Indochina by US Air Force aircraft. U-275 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Newhaven, East Sussex, United Kingdom. UJ 303 (Kriegsmarine KSK-2-class naval drifter/submarine chaser): Wrecked on this date.
  4. Novelty sparking cigarettes and a spring-loaded snake in a champagne bottle.
  5. March 9 1940 P-100 Murad (French auxiliary patrol vessel): Wrecked off Lebanon. 1941 HMT Gulfoss (RN trawler): Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Hastings, East Sussex. HMT Hatsuse (RN trawler): Struck a mine and was damaged in the English Channel south of Penlee Point, Rame, Cornwall. She was beached in Cawsand Bay and later refloated, repaired and returned to service. 1942 HMT Notts County (Royal Navy trawler): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean south of Iceland by U-701. HNLMS Krakatau (Netherlands Krakatau-class minelayer): Scuttled off Madura, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She had been used to scuttle other ships. Shera (Soviet Navy whaler): Iced up, capsized and sank in the Barents Sea while being delivered to the Soviets by the Royal Navy. 1944 Kissho Maru No. 2 GO (IJN auxiliary patrol ship): Lost on this date. USS Leopold (USN Edsall-class destroyer escort): Torpedoed and damaged in the Atlantic Ocean south of Iceland by U-255. She was abandoned and sank the next day. 1945 Meigo Sakusen (Operation Bright Moon) (9 March - 15 May): French Indochina had followed the Vichy regime and was nominally still Vichy, even after the liberation of Paris. Concerned that the French -already a puppet administration in its own holdings since July of 1941- would side with the Allies in the Pacific, the Imperial Japanese army staged an attack and coup d'état, and created the puppet governments of the Empire of Vietnam, Kingdom of Cambodia and Kingdom of Laos. Avalanche (Vichy CH-101-class submarine chaser): Scuttled in the Mekong River at My Tho, French Indochina by Amiral Charner. She was raised, repaired and returned to service post war. Cam Rahn (Vichy stores vessel): Scuttled at Vinh Long, French Indochina. Commandant Bourdais (Vichy CH-101-class submarine chaser): Sunk in the Gulf of Tonkin by Imperial Japanese aircraft. She was raised, repaired and returned to service post war. Crayssac (Vichy patrol vessel): Scuttled at Along Bay, French Indochina. Francis Garnier (Vichy Frances Garnier-class gunboat): Shelled and set on fire by Imperial Japanese forces, then scuttled by her crew in the Mekong River at Kratie, French Indochina. Frezouls (Vichy patrol vessel): Scuttled at Along Bay, French Indochina. La Perouse (Vichy hydrographic vessel): Scuttled at Vinh Long, French Indochina. Maurice Long (Vichy patrol vessel): Scuttled in the Mekong River at Can Tho, French Indochina. My Tho (Vichy Tourane-class gunboat): Scuttled by Amiral Charner in the Mekong River at My Tho. Paul Bert (Vichy auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled by Amiral Charner in the Mekong River at My Tho, French Indochina. Tourane (Vichy Tourane-class gunboat): Scuttled at Donnai, French Indochina. Vigilante (Vichy Vigilante-class gunboat): Scuttled at Haiphong, French Indochina. *** Kaiko Maru (IJN auxiliary gunboat): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south of Honshu by USS Trepang. M-412 (Kriegsmarine M 1940-class minesweeper): Ran aground at Granville, France, and was scuttled. Meteor II (Kriegsmarine hospital ship, in use as a troopship): Bombed and sunk at Pillau, East Prussia by Soviet Air Force aircraft. Tsukiyura Maru (IJN auxiliary gunboat): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south of Honshu by USS Trepang. V 6607 Wappen Von Hamburg (Kriegsmarine Steiermark-class naval whaler): Lost to an unknown cause on this date. Vs 221 (Kriegsmarine KSK-2-class naval drifter/Vorpostenboot): Sunk in a collision.
  6. March 8 1941 HMS Dart (RN auxiliary minesweeper): Struck a mine and sank in the Suez Canal. 1942 HNLMS Eland Dubois (Netherlands Jan van Amstel-class minesweeper): Scuttled in the Madura Strait off Java, after suffering boiler failure during her attempt to escape Surabaya with Jan van Amstel. HNLMS Jan van Amstel (Netherlands Jan van Amstel-class minesweeper): Shelled and sunk by Arashio in the Madura Strait off Java. DK-38 Mgla (Soviet Navy auxiliary guard ship): Ran aground at Cape Tsyp-Navolok and sank. HMT Northern Princess (RN trawler/ocean boarding vessel): Torpedoed and sunk off the Grand Banks, Newfoundland by U-587. 1943 U-156 (Kriegsmarine Type IXC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean east of Barbados by US Navy aircraft. 1944 M 386 (Kriegsmarine M 1940-class minesweeper): Sunk in Strander Bight by a mine. She was later salvaged and repaired. TA 15 (Kriegsmarine torpedo boat, former Sella-class destroyer Francesco Crispi): Sunk off Heraklion, Greece by British aircraft. Later raised and taken to Piraeus for repairs, but was later sunk a second time. 1945 CD-69 (IJN Type C escort): Bombed and damaged in the South China Sea off the east coast of Hainan Island, China by USAF aircraft. She was under tow to Hong Kong when she broke in two and sank on 16 March. Vs 250 (Kriegsmarine KSK-2-class naval drifter/Vorpostenboot): Lost on this date.
  7. Thank you for providing me a poetic checklist, Korky. Only seven submarines We've met in '39 So many as yet unknown, unseen I will make them all mine.
  8. March 7 1940 Marie Yette (French auxiliary minesweeper): Collided with SS Spramex in the Gironde and sank. 1941 U-47 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIB submarine): Last radio contact in the North Atlantic south of Iceland. Possibly lost to mines, accident or attack by HMS Arbutus and HMS Camellia. U-70 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean south-east of Iceland by HMS Arbutus and HMS Camellia. 1942 HNLMS Golden Leeuw (Netherlands Prins van Orange-class minelayer): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture by Imperial Japanese forces. HNLMS Valk (Netherlands seaplane tender): Heavily damaged by raids from Akagi, Kaga, Hiryū and Sōryū, she ran aground near the neck of the Harbor at Tjilatjap, Netherlands East Indies, in a failed attempt to scuttle her as a block ship. She was refloated, repaired and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy as PB-104. 1943 Ciclone (RM Ciclone-class torpedo boat): Struck a mine in the Strait of Sicily. She sank the next day. R 40 (Kriegsmarine minesweeper): Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France. 1944 M 4405 (Kriegsmarine auxiliary minesweeper, former Castle-class minesweeper/TR series minesweeping naval trawler TR-43, Marie-Anne): Torpedoed and sunk in the Bay of Biscay off La Pallice, Charente-Maritime, France by Allied aircraft. Sperrbrecher 10 Vigo (Kriegsmarine Sperrbrecher): Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Norderney, East Frisian Islands. 1945 U-1302 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC/41 submarine): Depth charged and sunk in St. George's Channel by HMCS La Hulloise, HMCS Strathadam and HMCS Thetford Mines. V 1610 Innsbruck (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Sunk in the Kattegat by RAF aircraft. V 1612 Gotha (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Sunk in the Kattegat by RAF aircraft.
  9. March 6 1940 HNLMS O 11 (Netherlands O 9-class submarine): Collided with the tug Amsterdam at Den Helder and sank. She was refloated on 10 March. 1941 HMT Keryado (RN trawler): Struck a mine in the English Channel and sank south of Brighton, East Sussex. HMS Sun II (RN tug): Struck a mine and sank in the Thames Estuary. 1942 HNLMS BEN 3 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker, former Tandjoeng Raja, Asahan): Scuttled at Tjilatjap to prevent capture. HNLMS BEN 4 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker, former Mampawa): Scuttled at Tjilatjap to prevent capture. She was Salvaged and put in service as Harufuji Maru. HNLMS C (Netherlands A-class minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-116. Congo Maru (IJN auxiliary cruiser): Bombed and sunk at Nouméa, New Caledonia by aircraft from USS Yorktown. HNLMS Moera Boelian (Netherlands auxiliary motor torpedo boat tender): Scuttled at Surabaya, Java to prevent capture. Peta (Netherlands auxiliary motor torpedo boat tender): Scuttled at Surabaya, Java to prevent capture. HNLMS Pieter de Bitter (Netherlands minesweeper): Scuttled at the cruiser quay at Surabaya, Dutch East Indies, to avoid capture by advancing Japanese forces. HNLMS Serdang (Netherlands auxiliary motor torpedo boat tender/ torpedo repair ship, former minelayer, floatplane tender): Scuttled near Surabaya with her torpedo boats. Smyshleny (Soviet Navy Project 7U Storozhevoy-class destroyer): Struck a mine in the Black Sea off Kerch. She sank in a storm the next day off Yuzhnaya Ozereyka near Novorossiysk. HNLMS Willebrord Snelluis (Netherlands survey ship): Scuttled as a blockship at Surabaya, Java. Yokohama Maru (IJN transport): Bombed and sunk at Nouméa by aircraft from USS Yorktown. 1943 M 4041 Dr. August Held (Kriegsmarine minesweeper): Struck a mine and sank at Le Verdon-sur-Mer, Gironde, France. 1944 America Maru (IJN transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean north north west of Saipan by USS Nautilus. U-744 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMCS Chaudiere, HMCS Chilliwack, HMCS Fennel, HMCS Gatineau, HMCS St. Catharines, HMS Icarus and HMS Kenilworth Castle. U-973 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Sunk in the Norwegian Sea by aircraft from HMS Chaser. V 1304 Eisenach (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Sunk in the North Sea off IJmuiden, North Holland, Netherlands by HMMTB 224, HMMTB 225, HMMTB 232, HMMTB 234, HMMTB 241 and HMMTB 244. 1945 IV 53 Scarpanto (Kriegsmarine guard ship): Sunk on this date. Rikko Maru (IJA auxiliary tanker): Broke in two sank off Kirun, Formosa during a typhoon. She had been severely damaged running a gauntlet of US submarines, on 31 August 1944; she was still waiting on repairs. UJ 1109 (Kriegsmarine submarine chaser): Sunk in a British air raid on Saßnitz. UJ 1118 (Kriegsmarine Ekwator-class naval trawler/submarine chaser): Sunk in a British air raid on Saßnitz.[42] UJ 1119 Julius Pickenpack (Kriegsmarine Este-class submarine chaser): Sunk in a British air raid on Saßnitz. XE 11 (RN midget submarine): Collided with a Royal Navy boom defence vessel in Loch Striven and sank. Z28 (Kriegsmarine Type 1936A-class destroyer): Sunk in a British air raid on Saßnitz.
  10. One can hope the two miles-worth of water and proximity to Australia will act as deterrents.
  11. March 5 1941 S70 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Sunk by a mine. 1942 HNLMS Barentz (Netherlands auxiliary repair ship): Bombed, burned out, and sunk at Tjilatjap. HNLMS Canopus (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Tjilatjap. She was raised, repaired and put into service as Ariake Maru. HNLMS Hoofdinspector Zeeman (Netherlands tender/patrol vessel): Bombed and sunk at Tjilatjap in an Imperial Japanese air raid. Kaijo Maru No. 2 GO (IJN oiler): Torpedoed and sunk south of Truk by USS Grampus. V 2001 Pastor Pype (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Wrecked in the Wadden Sea as she tried to assist the pilot boat Rüstringen. 1943 The Battle of Blackett Strait: The Imperial Japanese Army had a substantial garrison on Kolombangara Island -a northwestern member of the Solomon Islands. Two destroyers were sent with supplies. As they left, they ran into the US task force bombarding the base at Vila. USS Grampus (USN Tambor-class submarine): Shelled and sunk in the Blankett Strait off Kolombangara, Solomon Islands by Minegumo and Murasame. Minegumo (IJN Asashio-class destroyer): Shelled and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Vila, Solomon Islands by USS Montpelier, USS Cleveland, USS Denver, USS Conway, USS Cony and USS Waller. Murasame (IJN Shiratsuyu-class destroyer): Shelled in the Pacific Ocean off Vila, Solomon Islands by USS Montpelier, USS Cleveland, USS Denver, USS Conway, USS Cony and torpedoed by USS Waller. She sank. *** S 75 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Sank after an air attack by RAF aircraft. Zarya (Soviet Navy auxiliary minelayer): Sunk on this date. 1944 U-366 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Arctic Ocean north west of Hammerfest, Norway by aircraft from HMS Chaser. UJ 1703 (Kriegsmarine MOB-FD-class naval trawler/submarine chaser): Torpedoed and sunk by Allied aircraft off Lindesnes, Norway. UJ 1704 (Kriegsmarine naval trawler/submarine chaser): Torpedoed and sunk by aircraft off Lindesnes. 1945 Kasuga Maru (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Sunk by USAF aircraft off French Indochina. Manyo Maru (IJN auxiliary gunboat): Torpedoed and sunk in the Java Sea by USS Sea Robin. Nagara Maru (IJN auxiliary netlayer): Torpedoed and sunk in the Java Sea south west of the Masalembu Islands, Netherlands East Indies by USS Sea Robin. Ryoei Maru (IJN tanker): Torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea north-east of Tourane, French Indochina by USS Bashaw. Ujina Maru (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Sunk by USAF aircraft off French Indochina. W-15 (IJN No.13-class minesweeper): Torpedoed in the stern off Akusekijima, Ryukyu Islands by USS Tilefish and beached on Suwasi Island. Declared a constructive total loss. Yusen Maru No. 11 GO (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Lost on this date.
  12. March 4 1941 Operation Claymore: To sabotage Norwegian fish oil and glycerine factories (to keep those raw materials from the Nazi war effort), bolster morale back home and encourage the Germans to divert troops from elswhere to Norway instead, the 6th Destroyer Flotilla (RN ships Somali, Bedouin, Tartar, Eskimo and Legion) escorted commando-laden RN transports Queen Emma and Princess Beatrix to the Lofoten Islands in Norway. Elbing (Kriegsmarine collier): Shelled and set on fire in the Norwegian Sea off the Lofoten Islands by HMS Tartar and was beached. She was later repaired and returned to service. Krebs (Kriegsmarine auxiliary trawler): Sunk by gunfire from HMS Somali in the Norwegian Sea off the Lofoten Islands. Before she sank, a set of spare rotors and code books for her Enigma cypher machine were recovered. 1942 HMS Anking (RN depot ship): Shelled and sunk in the Indian Ocean south of Java, Netherlands East Indies by Arashi, Atago, Maya, Nowaki and Takao. HNLMS BEN 1 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker): Scuttled at Soerabaja to prevent capture. HNLMS BEN 2 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker): Sunk by Japanese destroyers in the Bali Strait. Erimo (IJN fleet oiler): Torpedoed in Sunda Strait off Bali Island by USS S-39. She was beached on Bali and declared a constructive total loss. HMS MMS 51 (RN MMS-class motor minesweeper): Shelled and sunk in the Indian Ocean south of Java by Arashi, Atago, Maya, Nowaki, Takao. She was part of Anking's escort. HNLMS Tydeman (Netherlands survey ship): Bombed and sunk by Japanese aircraft. She was raised, repaired and put in Japanese service as Choyo. HMAS Yarra (RN Grimsby-class sloop): Sunk in Indian Ocean south of Java by Arashi, Atago, Maya, Nowaki and Takao. She was part of Anking's escort. 1943 S 70 (Kriegsmarine S 38 Type Schnellboot): Struck a mine and sank in the English channel. T-514 Ost (Soviet Navy auxiliary minesweeper): Sunk on this date. U-87 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIB submarine): Sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMCS Shediac and HMCS St. Croix. 1944 IV 10 Annibale Bosco A. (Kriegsmarine guard ship): Sunk on this date. KT 42 (Kriegsmarine submarine chaser): Destroyed in an American air raid on Toulon, Var, France. M 6000 Altino (Kriegsmarine auxiliary minesweeper): Sunk on this date. Ominesan Maru (IJN oiler, aka Taihosan Maru): Torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea west of Miri, Borneo by USS Bluefish. U-472 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Sunk in the Barents Sea by air attack by aircraft from HMS Chaser and by shelling from HMS Onslaught. UJ 6080 (Kriegsmarine submarine chaser): Destroyed in an American air raid on Toulon. Vs 223 (Kriegsmarine guard ship): Struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Neufarhwasser. 1945 CH-8 (IJN CH 4-class submarine chaser): Shelled and sunk in the Strait of Malacca by HMS Terrapin and HMS Trenchant. U-3508 (Kriegsmarine Type XXI submarine): Bombed and sunk at Wilhelmshaven, Lower Saxony in an Allied air raid. 1946 USS Extricate (USN Anchor-class rescue and salvage ship, abandoned after she ran ground at Okinawa on 9 October 1945): Destroyed with explosives.
  13. March 3 1941 HMT Cobbers (RN trawler): Bombed and sunk off Lowestoft, Suffolk by Luftwaffe aircraft. NN 04 Krebs (Kriegsmarine trawler): Lost on this date. HMS Tiny (RN armed yacht): Bombed and sunk at Sunderland, Co Durham by Luftwaffe aircraft. 1942 USS Asheville (USN Asheville-class gunboat): Shelled and sunk south of Java, Netherlands East Indies by Arashi and Nowaki. Bantam (Netherlands ABC-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, completed and put in service as CHa-117. USS Perch (USN Porpoise-class submarine): Depth charged and damaged northwest of Soerabaja, Java, Netherlands East Indies, from attacks by Sazanami and Ushio on 1 and 2 March. Too damaged to dive, she was scuttled by her crew in the Java Sea when Sazanami and Ushio attacked her again. 1943 Battle of the Bismark Sea (2-4 March): In a bid to reinforce their base at Lae, New Guinea against Allied offensives, an Imperial Japanese convoy of 8 troop transports, 8 destroyers and air cover of 100 fighters left Rabaul on 28 February. Coded messages of the convoy's destination and ETA were cracked and the Allied Air Forces met them north of New Guinea, in the Bismark Archipelago. Arashio (IJN Asashio-class destroyer): Bombed and sunk in the Bismarck Sea near Finschhafen by RAAF and USAAF aircraft. She lost control, rammed Nojima Maru and was abandoned. She sank the next day from further attacks. Asashio (IJN Asashio-class destroyer): Bombed and sunk in the Bismarck Sea near Finschhafen by American and Australian aircraft. Shirayuki (IJN Fubuki-class destroyer): Bombed and sunk in the Bismarck Sea southeast of Finschhafen by American and Australian aircraft. Tokitsukaze (IJN Kagerō-class destroyer): Bombed and heavily damaged damaged in the Bismarck Sea near Finschhafen by RAAF and US Army Air Force aircraft. She sank the next day from further attacks. Aiyo Maru (IJA transport): Bombed and sunk by American and Australian aircraft south-east of Finschhafen, New Guinea. Kenbu Maru (IJA transport): Bombed and sunk by American and Australian aircraft south-east of Finschhafen. Nojima Maru (IJN transport): Bombed and damaged by American and Australian aircraft east south east of Finschhafen. She was rammed by Arashio, and sank. Oigawa Maru (IJA transport): Bombed and damaged by American and Australian aircraft south-east of Finschhafen, New Guinea. She was torpedoed and sunk that night by USS PT-143 and USS PT-150. Sin-ai Maru (IJA transport): Bombed and sunk by American and Australian aircraft south east of Finschhafen. Taimei Maru (IJN transport): Bombed and sunk by American and Australian aircraft east south east of Finschhafen. Teiyo Maru (IJA transport): Bombed and sunk by American and Australian aircraft south-east of Finschhafen, New Guinea. *** Doggerbank (Schiff 53) (Kriegsmarine blockade runner/ auxiliary minelayer, former Speybank): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by U-43. In addition to raw materials from Japan she also carried the survivors of Ukermark and Thor. 1944 Karatsu (IJN gunboat, former USS Luzon): Torpedoed and damaged off the Philippines by USS Narwhal. She was towed first to Cebu, then Cavite for repairs. She was still in need of repairs when she was scuttled as a blockship in Manila Bay on 5 February 1945. Shirakami (IJN Sokuten-class minelayer): Collided with Nichiran Maru off Yoshino-hama in the Pacific Ocean in a storm. She broke up and sank two days later. 1945 Hario (IJN Hario-class fleet oiler): Struck a mine in Yulinakin Bay off Cape Bastion, Hainan Island, China. She sank the next day. Nissho Maru No. 2 (IJN auxiliary gunboat): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south of Honshu by USS Trepang. HMT Southern Flower (RN trawler): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Reykjavík, Iceland by U-1022. HMAS Steady Hour (Australian patrol boat): Destroyed in a fire off Darwin, Australia. Yaei Maru No. 1 (IJN oiler, a.k.a. Iyasaka Maru No. 1): Bombed and sunk in Linkao Bay, Hainan Island.
  14. March 2 1940 HMS Fairplay II (RN rescue tug): Ran aground at Redcar, Yorkshire under heavy fog and was wrecked. 1942 USS Stewart (USN Clemson-class destroyer): Scuttled with the floating dry-dock she was in following the Battle of the Java Sea at Surabaya naval base, Dutch East Indies. She was later salvaged by the Imperial Japanese Navy and entered service as Patrol Boat No. 102. *** HNLMS Albatros (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Surabaya. She was raised, repaired and put in Imperial Japanese service as Arabato Maru. HNLMS Aldebaran (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Surabaya. HNLMS Alor (Netherlands minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Angelina (Netherlands tanker): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as Anjo Maru. HNLMS Ardjoeno (Netherlands Ardjoeno-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-102. HNLMS Aroe (Netherlands minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS B (Netherlands A-class minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-112. HNLMS Banckert (Netherlands Admiralen-class destroyer): She and the floating dry dock she was in were scuttled by torpedo from HNLMS K XVIII at Surabaya, Dutch East Indies. She was raised, partially repaired and put in service as Patrol Boat No.106. HNLMS Bangkalen (Netherlands Bangkalen-class minelayer): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Biaro (Netherlands auxiliary patrol vessel): Scuttled. HNLMS Boeroe (Netherlands auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Bogor (Netherlands minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Castor (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Surabaya. She was raised, repaired and put in Japanese service as Osei Maru. HNLMS Ceram (Netherlands Navy minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Cheribon (Netherlands auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS D (Netherlands A-class minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Digoel (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Djampea (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjion Priok to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put into Imperial Japanese service. HNLMS Djember (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as Wa-104. HNLMS Djombang (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as Wa-106. USAT Don Esteban (US Army Transport): Sunk by Japanese forces off Mindoro in the Philippines. HNLMS Endeh (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper): Sunk off the west coast of Java by Matsukaze and Shiokaze. HNLMS Enggano (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as Wa-107. HNLMS Eradanus (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Surabaya. She was raised, repaired and put in Imperial Japanese service as Enoshima Maru. Fabritsius (Soviet Navy transport): Torpedoed and sunk in shallow water off Kamysh Burun by Luftwaffe aircraft with most of her wreck above water. HNLMS Fakfak (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper, Incomplete): Scuttled on the ways at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was repaired and put in service as Wa-102. HNLMS Flores (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper, incomplete): Scuttled on the ways at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was repaired and put in service as Wa-101. HNLMS Garoet (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper, incomplete): Scuttled on the ways at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was repaired and put in service as Wa-103. HNLMS Gedah (Netherlands Ardjoeno-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-104. HNLMS Gemma (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Surabaya. She was raised, repaired and put in Japanese service as Kita Maru. HNLMS Grissee (Netherlands DEFG-class auxiliary minesweeper, incomplete): Scuttled on the ways at Tanjon Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was repaired and put in service as Wa-105. Ha-13 (IJN Ko-Hyoteki/ Ko Gata midget submarine): Sank during training at Aki Nada. HNLMS K X (Netherlands K VIII-class submarine): Scuttled at Surabaya, Dutch East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS K XIII (Netherlands K XI-class submarine): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS K XVIII (Netherlands K XIV-class submarine): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was later raised and converted into an air warning picket hulk. Kamogawa Maru (IJN armed auxiliary aircraft transport): Torpedoed and sunk north of the mouth of the Lombok Strait by USS Sailfish. Kawi (Netherlands Ardjoeno-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-109. HNLMS Koning der Nederlanden (Netherlands accommodation ship, former turret ram ship): Scuttled at Surabaya, Dutch East Indies to avoid capture. Lawoe(Netherlands Ardjoeno-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-110. Merapi (Netherlands Smeroe-class auxiliary minesweeper, incomplete): Blown up on her slipway at Batavia, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. USS Pillsbury (USN Clemson-class destroyer): Shelled and sunk in the Indian Ocean west of Christmas Island by Atago and Takao. HNLMS Ram (Netherlands Regulus-class auxiliary minelayer, incomplete): Scuttled at Tjilatjap, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was salvaged and converted into the gunboat Nanshin, but never completed. HNLMS Rigel (Netherlands auxiliary minelayer): Scuttled as a blockship at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies. She was raised, repaired and put in to Imperial Japanese service. Salak (Netherlands Ardjoeno-class auxiliary minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, repaired and put in service as CHa-118. Slamat (Netherlands Smeroe-class auxiliary minesweeper, incomplete): Blown up on her slipway at Batavia, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HNLMS Soemenep (Netherlands minelayer): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. HMS Stronghold (RN S-class (1917) destroyer): Shelled and sunk south of Java by Arashi, Maya and Nowaki. HNLMS TAN 2 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker, former Juno): Scuttled at Surabaja to prevent capture. Salvaged and put in Imperial Japanese service as Yuno Maru. HNLMS TAN 3 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker): Shelled and sunk in the Bali Sea by an Imperial Japanese Submarine. HNLMS TAN 4 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker): Scuttled at Surabaja to prevent capture. She was later salvaged and put in Imperial Japanese service. HNLMS TAN 5 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker, former Aldegonda): Scuttled at Surabaja to prevent capture. She was salvaged and put in Imperial Japanese service as Aiten Maru. HNLMS TAN 6 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker): Scuttled at Surabaja to prevent capture. She was salvaged, repaired and put in service as Yosei Maru. HNLMS TAN 8 (Netherlands auxiliary tanker): Scuttled at Surabaja to prevent capture. She was later salvaged and put in Imperial Japanese service. Tjerimai (Netherlands Smeroe-class auxiliary minesweeper, incomplete): Scuttled at Batavia, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture. She was raised, completed and put in service as CHa-101. HNLMS Witte de With (Netherlands Admiralen-class destroyer): Scuttled at Surabya , dutch East Indies. She had taken a bomb hit the day before during an Imperial Japanese air raid. 1943 Kyokusei Maru (IJA transport): Bombed and sunk off New Guinea by US Army Air Force aircraft. She was the first casualty of the Battle of the Bismark Sea. USS SC-1024 (USN submarine chaser): Sunk in a collision off North Carolina. Toen Maru (IJN fleet oiler): Torpedoed and sunk in the Makassar Strait by USS Thresher. 1945 BO-224 (Soviet Navy BO-201-class submarine chaser): Torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea by U-995. Chokai Maru (IJN guard boat): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south of Honshu by USS Bowfin. M-575 (Kriegsmarine Type 1915 minesweeper): Sank off the Sunda Islands, Netherlands East Indies in a storm. Nichirin Maru (IJN oiler): Sunk in the Pacific Ocean by US Navy aircraft. Rixhöft (Kriegsmarine tug): Struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Warnemünde, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. U-3519 (Kriegsmarine Type XXI submarine): Struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Warnemünde.
  15. March 1 1941 HMT Ploughboy (RN trawler): Struck three mines off Malta and was severely damaged. She was beached to prevent her sinking. HMT St Donats (RN trawler): Collided in the North Sea off the mouth of the Humber with HMS Cotswold and sank. 1942 Battle of Sunda Strait: Following the first Battle of the Java Sea, ships of the ABDA had been scattered to several ports. USS Houston and HMAS Perth reached Tanjung Priok, Batavia, Duch East Indies on February 28. Ordered to relocate to Tjilatjap via the Sunda Strait, they ran into the Western Java Invasion Convoy and its escorts. USS Houston (USN Northampton-class heavy cruiser): Torpedoed, shelled and sunk at Bantam Bay under a swarm of destroyers, Mogami, Mikuma and Natori. HMAS Perth (Australian Modified Leander-class light cruiser, former Amphion): Torpedoed, shelled and sunk from a swarm of destroyers, Mogami, Mikuma and Natori. Horai Maru (IJA hospital ship): Torpedoed and sunk by Mogami. The torpedoes were intended for Houston and Perth. Sakura Maru (IJA Sakito Maru-class anti-aircraft transport): Torpedoed and sunk by Mogami. The torpedoes were intended for Houston and Perth. Shinshu Maru (IJA Shinshu Maru-class landing craft depot ship): Torpedoed and sunk by friendly fire from Mogami. She was raised, repaired and returned to service. W-2 (IJN W-1-class minesweeper): Torpedoed and sunk by friendly fire from Mogami. She was raised, repaired and put in reserve status. *** HNLMS Evertsen (Netherlands Admiralen-class destroyer): Shelled and damaged by Murakumo and Shirakumo, then beached on Sebuku Island in Sunda Strait. She was supposed to be escort for Houston and Perth, but delays put her an hour behind them. She attempted to skirt the battle, to avoid getting into a friendly fire situation. The Second Battle of the Java Sea: Meanwhile, HMS Exeter -severely damaged - had reached Surabaya. She and escorts HMS Encounter and USS Pope left at dusk February 28th for Ceylon. Her draft was too much for the Bali Strait and unaware of the earlier night battle they entered the Sunda Strait...where they were surrounded by 4 Imperial Japanese heavy cruisers and 5 destroyers. HMS Encounter (RN E-class destroyer): Shelled and sunk off Bawean by Ashigara and Myōkō. HMS Exeter (RN York-class heavy cruiser): Torpedoed and sunk by Inazuma. USS Pope (USN Clemson-class destroyer): Bombed and sunk in the Java Sea by Japanese aircraft from Ryūjō. *** HNLMS A (Netherlands A-class minesweeper): Scuttled at Surabaya, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture by Japanese forces. Raised, repaired and put in IJN service as CHa-113. HNLMS Arens (Netherlands seaplane tender): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture by Japanese forces. Raised by the Japanese and towed to Surabaya in April, 1943. Repaired 29 January-29 February 1944 and put into the Imperial Japanese Navy service as PB-108. HNLMS Bellatrix (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok. She was raised by the Japanese, and returned post-war. Chapaev (Soviet Navy transport): Struck a mine and sank in the Black Sea. USS Edsall (USN Clemson-class destroyer): Bombed and brought to a stop by aircraft from Kaga, Hiryū, and Sōryū, then shelled and sunk by Hiei, Kirishima, Chikuma and Tone in the Indian Ocean near Christmas Island. She was responding to the distress call from Pecos and successfully avoided over a thousand shells from the battleships and cruisers before the divebombers were called in. Egitto (RM transport): Struck a mine and sank off Taranto. HNLMS Fazant (Netherlands seaplane tender): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok, Netherlands East Indies as a blockship. She was raised and towed to Surabaya, then repaired and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy as PB-109. HNLMS Merel (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok. USS Pecos (USN tanker): Bombed and sunk in the Indian Ocean off Christmas Island by aircraft from Sōryū. HNLMS Poolster (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Batavia. Raised, repaired and put in Japanese service as Horei Maru. HNLMS Rigel (Netherlands patrol vessel): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok. HNLMS TAN 1 (Netherlands auxiliary oiler): Scuttled at Tandjong Priok, Netherlands East Indies to avoid capture by Japanese forces. She was raised, repaired and put into Imperial Japanese Army service as Arare Maru. Tokushima Maru (IJA transport): Bombed by Allied aircraft and beached at Kragan Village, East Java (west of Surabaya) to prevent sinking. She was refloated, repaired and returned to service. U-656 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean south of Cape Race, Newfoundland by US Navy aircraft. 1943 Monsone (RM Ciclone-class torpedo boat): Bombed and sunk at Naples in an Allied air raid. 1944 HMS Gould (RN Captain-class frigate): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Portugal by U-358. U-358 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged, shelled and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean north of the Azores, Portugal by HMS Affleck, HMS Garlies, HMS Gore and HMS Gould. 1945 Chohakusan Maru (IJN auxiliary gunboat): Sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Naha, Okinawa by US Navy aircraft. Chokai Maru (IJN auxiliary guard ship): Lost on this date. Eisho Maru (IJN oiler): Bombed and sunk off Yulin, Hainan Island. USS Hannibal (USN miscellaneous auxiliary, (briefly steamer SS Joseph Holland) former collier/survey ship/sub-chaser tender, decommissioned): Bombed and sunk as a radar bombing target in the Chesapeake Bay. She was commissioned in 1898. Kinezaki (IJN supply ship): Sunk in Kuji Bay, Amami Ōshima by US Navy aircraft. M-2 (Kriegsmarine Type 1935 minesweeper): Bombed and sunk in Fedjeford, Norway by RAF aircraft. Manazuru (IJN Chidori-class torpedo boat): Sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Naha, Okinawa by US Navy aircraft. S-220 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Sunk by HMS Seymour. Tsubame (IJN Tsubame-class minelayer): Torpedoed and sunk off Miyako Jima in the Pacific Ocean by US Navy aircraft.
  16. February, Unknown* 1941 Thor (Kriegsmarine, captured Netherlands Thor-class river gunboat): Sunk at Vlissingen by Allied aircraft. 1942 The following ships were either lost or scuttled sometime in February, likely during or shortly after the Battle of Singapore: HMS Dowgate (RN Moorgate-class gate vessel) HMS Giang Bee RN patrol vessel) HMS LCP(L) 180, HMS LCP(L) 181, HMS LCP(L) 182, HMS LCP(L) 183, HMS LCP(L) 184, HMS LCP(L) 185 (RN Landing Craft Personnel (Large)) HMS Ludgate (RN Moorgate-class gate vessel) HMS M 7 (RN M-class minesweeper, incomplete) HMS MMS 52, HMS MMS 93, HMS MMS 94, HMS MMS 125, HMS MMS 126, HMS MMS 127, HMS MMS 128 and HMS MMS 166 (RN MMS-class minesweepers, incomplete) HMS Penghambat (RN motor launch) HMS Peningat (RN motor launch) HMS Shun An (RN small craft) HMS Solen (RN examination vessel) HMS Tien Kwang (RN submarine tender) 1946 U-1197 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine, decommissioned since 25 April, 1945): Scuttled in the North Sea by the United States Navy. *More to come
  17. February 28/29 1941 MASB 3 (RN motor anti-submarine boat): Struck a mine and was beached in the Suez Canal. She was refloated on 3 March and towed to Suez, Egypt. 1942 I-5 (IJN Type J1 modified-class submarine): Ran aground on a reef in the north passage of Staring Bay. Refloated on 20 March 1942. Repaired and returned to service by 25 March. USS Jacob Jones (USN Wickes-class destroyer): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape May, New Jersey by U-578. HNLMS Reiger (Netherlands Merel-class patrol vessel): Wrecked north west of Java. HNLMS Schouten (Netherlands miscellaneous auxiliary): Scuttled to prevent capture. HNLMS Sirius (Netherlands Sirius-class patrol vessel): Sunk northwest of Java by Imperial Japanese aircraft. HMS Surprise (RN armed yacht): Burned on this date. 1943 FR 111 (RM Requin-class submarine): Bombed and sunk north of Murro di Porco, Sicily by Allied aircraft. S 35 (Kriegsmarine E-boat): Struck a mine and sank in the Mediterranean sea north west of Bizerte, Tunisia. 1944 28 Febuary Kaiko Maru (IJN Kaiko Maru-class transport): Torpedoed and sunk in Noda Anchorage, Paramushiro by USS Sand Lance. M-108 (Soviet Navy M-class submarine): Struck a mine and sank in Kongsfjord. Sakura Maru No. 1 (IJA transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the Strait of Malacca off Penang, Malaya by HMS Tactician. V 1309 Kapitän Stemmer (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Collided with V 811 Hugo Homann and sank in the North Sea off Hoek van Holland, South Holland, Netherlands. 29 February Battle of Ist: Working with the Royal Navy as part of the 24th Destroyer flotilla, Free French ships Le Fantasque, Le Terrible and Le Malin intercepted a German convoy of a single freighter, 2 corvettes, 2 torpedo boats and 3 minesweepers in the northern Adriatic. TA 37 (Kreigsmarine torpedo boat, former Ariete-class torpedo boat Gladio): Shelled and badly damaged by Le Terrible and Le Malin. She was successfully towed back to Pola, the Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral, by TA 36. UJ 201 (Kriegsmarine submarine chaser, former Gabbiano-class corvette Egeria): Shelled, torpedoed and sunk by Le Malin in the Adriatic Sea. *** R-194 (Kriegsmarine Type R-151 minesweeper): Sunk by Allied aircraft off Corfu, Greece. USS Trout (USN Tambor-class submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the East China Sea by Asashimo. 1945 R-177 (Kriegsmarine Type R-151 minesweper): Struck a mine in the Baltic Sea off Stolp, Pomerania and sank. S 220 (Kriegsmarine torpedo boat): Sunk in the North Sea north west of Ostend, West Flanders, Belgium by HMS Seymour.
  18. February 27 1941 Ramb I (Regia Marina auxiliary cruiser): Shelled and sunk in the Indian Ocean off the Maldive Islands by HMNZS Leander. HMT Remillo (RN trawler): Struck a mine and sank in the Humber. 1942 Battle of the Java Sea/ スラバヤ沖海戦 : With Imperial Japanese forces invading the Dutch East Indies at a rapid pace, the ABDA Eastern Strike Force attempted to engage a heavily defended convoy of the Eastern Invasion Force in the waters of the Java Sea off Surabaya. HNLMS De Ruyter (Netherlands De Ruyter-class light cruiser): Torpedoed and sunk by Haguro. HMS Electra (RN E-class destroyer): Heavily damaged exchanging fire with Jintsū and Asagumo and sank. HMS Jupiter (RN J-class destroyer): Struck a mine and sank north of Java. HNLMS Java (Netherlands Java-class light cruiser): Torpedoed and sunk by Nachi. HNLMS Kortenaer (Netherlands Admiralen-class destroyer): Torpedoed and sunk by Haguro. *** HNLMS BEN-2 (Netherlands auxiliary oiler): Torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean south west of Banyuwangi, Java, by I-53. USS Langley (USN seaplane tender / aircraft transport): Bombed by Japanese aircraft in the Indian Ocean south of Java, Dutch East Indies. She was scuttled by USS Edsall and USS Whipple. NM-01 Vandale (Kriegsmarine Steiermark-class naval whaler / vorpostenboot): Torpedoed and sunk in the Laksefjord by ShCh-402. 1943 HNLMS Colombia (Netherlands submarine tender): Torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean off Simonstown, South Africa by U-516. T 403 Gruz (Soviet Navy Project 3 minesweeper): Sunk in the Black Sea at Myskhato by S-28, S-51, S-72, and S-102. Krasnaya Gruziya (Soviet Navy Elipidifor type auxiliary gunboat): Torpedoed and damaged in the Black Sea at Myskhato by S-28, S-51, S-72, and S-102. She was beached and later destroyed by German artillery and aircraft. Harstad (Norwegian auxiliary minesweeper): Torpedoed and sunk in Lyme Bay by S-65, S-68, S-81 and S-85. HMT Lord Hailsham (RN trawler): Torpedoed and sunk in Lyme Bay by S-65, S-68, S-81 and S-85. TM 25 ( Netherlands TM 22-class motor torpedo boat): Sunk south of Pont Kanon, Curacao by an explosion. HMS Tigris (RN T-class submarine): Lost; likely sunk by depth charge in the Mediterranean Sea southeast of Capri, Italy by UJ 2210. V 1318 Hans Pickenpack (Kreigsmarine Vorpostenboot): Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea north west of Vlieland, Friesland, Netherlands. 1944 Ceylon Maru (IJA Ceylon Maru-class transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea by USS Grayback. USS Grayback (USN Tambor-class submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the East China Sea by Imperial Japanese aircraft. HMS MFV 70 (RN motor fishing vessel): Struck a submerged wreck and sank in the Mediterranean Sea off Castellorizo, Italy. 1945 Kikaku Maru No. 6 (IJN guardboat): Torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea north of Formosa by USS Scabbardfish. I-368 (IJN D1 Type cargo submarine): Sunk with Mark 24 "Fido" acoustic homing torpedo in the Pacific Ocean west of Iwo Jima by aircraft from USS Anzio. She was carrying 5 Kaitens as part of Operation CHIHAYA, to attack US ships anchored off Iwo Jima during the invasion. Ro-43 (IJN K6 Type submarine): Hit with a Mk 24 "Fido" acoustic homing torpedo and sunk in the Pacific Ocean west of Iwo Jima by aircraft from USS Anzio. U-1018 (Kriegsmarine Type VII submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Western Approaches by HMS Loch Fada. U-1279 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC/41 submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the English Channel east of the Scilly Isles by HMS Labuan, HMS Wild Goose and HMS Loch Fada.
  19. February 26 1941 H 415 Schaumburg-Lippe (Kriegsmarine drifter): Struck a mine and sank in the Ems. 1943 HMT Harstad (RN auxiliary minesweeper): Torpedoed and sunk in Lyme Bay by Kriegsmarine E-boats. Kyo Maru No. 3 GO (IJN auxiliary minesweeper): Struck a mine off Rangoon, Burma and sank. 1944 USS Ailanthus (USN Ailanthus-class net laying ship): Wrecked off Alaska. Astrolabe (Vichy French survey ship): Bombed and sunk in the South China Sea off Tourane, French Indochina by US Air Force aircraft. Directeur General Picanon (Vichy French auxiliary minesweeper): Lost on this date. Gilmot (Vichy French dredge): Bombed and sunk in the South China Sea off Tourane by US Air Force aircraft. Hurja (Finnish Navy Sisu-class motor torpedo boat): Sunk at Helsinki by Soviet aircraft. U-91 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMS Affleck, HMS Gore and HMS Gould. VMV-8 (Finnish Navy VMV-8 class patrol boat): Sunk at Helsinki by Soviet aircraft. 1945 I-370 (IJN Type D1 cargo submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south of Iwo Jima by USS Finnegan. She was on a Kaiten mission at the time.
  20. February 25 1940 U-63 (Kriegsmarine Type IIC submarine): After being sighted by HMS Narwal, was depth charged and sunk in the North Sea south of the Shetland Islands, United Kingdom by HMS Escort, HMS Inglefield, and HMS Imogen. 1941 Armando Diaz (RM Condottieri-class/ Cadorna-subclass light cruiser): Torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Sfax,Tunisia by HMS Upright. HMS Exmoor (RN Hunt-class destroyer): Either mined or torpedoed by S-30 in the North Sea off Great Yarmouth, Norfolk and sank. HMS Sarna (RN whaler): Struck a mine and was beached in the Suez Canal. 1942 T-485 Kakhovka (Soviet Navy auxiliary minesweeper): Lost on this date. 1943 Takao Maru (IJN auxiliary minesweeper): Lost on this date. V 2008 Ritzebüttel (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Struck a mine and sank in the Broad Fourteens off Westkapelle, West Flanders, Belgium. 1944 HMCS Columbia (Canadian Wickes-class destroyer): Ran aground off Newfoundland. She was subsequently used as a hulk. HMS Inglefield (RN I-class destroyer): Sunk by a Henschel Hs 293 off Anzio, Lazio, Italy. HMS Mahratta (RN M-class destroyer): Torpedoed and sunk in the Arctic Ocean off Nordkapp, Norway by U-990. Nisshō Maru (IJN auxiliary oiler): Torpedoed and sunk south of Davao, Mindanao by USS Hoe. Ryusei Maru (IJA cargo ship): Torpedoed and sunk in the Java Sea by USS Rasher. She was carrying Javanese laborers and Allied POWs at the time. U-601 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Arctic Ocean by RAF aircraft. 1945 Hosen Maru No. 3 (IJN guardboat): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Piper. Hosho Maru No. 3 Go (IJN auxiliary guard boat): Lost on this date. Seiun Maru No. 5 Go (IJN auxiliary guard boat): Lost on this date. Shōnan (IJN Ukuru-class escort): Torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea south of Yulin, Hainan Island by USS Hoe.
  21. February 24 1941 HMS Dainty (RN D-class destroyer): Bombed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Tobruk, Libya by Lufwaffe aircraft. 1942 I-23 (IJN Type B1 submarine): Sent her last report in the area of the Hawaii Territory. Likeliest explanation is that some time between 24 and 28 February she experienced a diving accident and sank. Mitakara Maru No. 3 Go (IJN auxiliary guard boat): Lost on this date. MV Struma (Greek/Bulgarian livestock ship under Panamanian flag of convenience, chartered as a refugee transport, former British luxury steam schooner): Torpedoed and sunk north of the Bosphorus by Shch-213. She had been detained at Istanbul for 10 weeks, before being towed and cast adrift the day before. Of the nearly eight hundred Jewish refugees and her crew of ten, there was only one survivor. 1943 F 143 (Kriegsmarine Marinefährprahm): Struck a mine and sank in the Black Sea off Kerch, Soviet Union. U-649 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Collided with U-232 and sank in the Baltic Sea. V 1249 Mewa VIII (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea north of Borkum. HMS Vandal (Royal Navy U-class submarine, initially named Unbridled): Sank northwest of Loch Ranza during a working-up exercise. 1944 Krischan der Grosse (Kriegsmarine Krischan der Grosse-class anti-aircraft ship): Sunk by Allied bombers off Antwerp. Kunishima Maru (IJN transport): Ran aground in dense fog and was wrecked in the Kumanonada Sea south west of Daiosaki Lighthouse. She was declared a Constructive Total Loss. Nampo Maru (IJN standard merchant Type 1 TL Oiler, a.k.a. Nanho Maru and Nanpo Maru): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean east of Formosa by USS Grayback. U-257 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMS Nene and HMCS Waskesiu. U-713 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Spotted by aircraft from HMS Chaser, she was depth charged and sunk in the Arctic Ocean north west of Narvik, Norway by HMS Keppel. U-761 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Detected transiting the Strait of Gibraltar by a US Navy aircraft with Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) gear, then bombed and damaged by a combination of Allied aircraft. She was intercepted in the Atlantic Ocean off Tangier, Morocco by HMS Anthony and HMS Wishart and scuttled by her crew. U-761 was the first submarine sunk through the use of MAD gear. 1945 HMS Alert 2 (RN cable layer): Torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel east of Ramsgate, Kent by U-5330. HMS Ellesmere (RN Lake-class whaler): Torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel north west of Brest, Finistère, France by U-1203. I-371 (IJN Type D submarine): Torpedoed and sunk in the Bungo Strait by USS Lagarto. M 3618 De Drie Gezusters (Kriegsmarine naval drifter/minesweeper): Lost on this date. Santoku Maru No. 2 Go (IJN auxiliary guard boat): Lost on this date. TA 8 (Kriegsmarine TA 7-class torpedo boat, incomplete): Sunk in a Royal Air Force raid on Horten, Norway. U-927 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the English Channel southeast of Falmouth, Cornwall by RAF aircraft. U-1208 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the English Channel south east of the Isles of Scilly by HMS Duckworth and HMS Rowley. U-3007 (Kriegsmarine Type XXI submarine): Bombed and sunk at Bremen by US Army Air Force aircraft.
  22. What? But then I couldn't propose something completely different (and consistent), like: Team Underdog: versus Team Oops: Béarn Arc Royal Nerpa Lebercht Maass U-29 Maillé-Brézé HMS Salmon USS Henley USS Nautilus ORP Wicher 1-8 Rawalpindi Axum Surcouf Oh, and Choice #1 please.
  23. February 23 1940 HMT Benvolio (RN trawler): Struck a mine and sank off the mouth of the Humber. U-53 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIB submarine): Depth charged and sunk ln the North Sea off the Orkney Islands, United Kingdom by HMS Gurkha. 1941 HMS Manistee (RN ocean boarding vessel): Torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by U-107 and Michele Bianchi. 1942 HMS P38 (RN U-class submarine*): Depth charged and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea 90 nautical miles east of Tripoli, Libya by Circe, Pessagno, and Usodimare. (*Churchill personally ordered at the end of 1942 that all submarines were to receive names, but she was lost before that order and didn't receive one posthumously.) 1943 U-443 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Algiers, Algeria by HMS Bicester, HMS Lamerton and HMS Wheatland. U-522 (Kriegsmarine Type IXC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMS Totland. 1944 Kimishima Maru (IJN transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean north east of Torishima, Izu Islands by USS Plunger. Koyo Maru (IJA transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Snook. Kyo Maru No. 8 Go (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Lost on this date. Kyo Maru No. 10 Go (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Lost on this date. Ogura Maru No. 3 (IJN Ogura Maru No. 3-class auxiliary oiler): Torpedoed and sunk in the Philippine Sea east of Halmahera, Netherlands East Indies by USS Cod. R-187 (Kriegsmarine Type R-151 minesweeper): Damaged by Allied aircraft at Rogoznica, Yugoslavia. She was taken to Pola for repairs but sank there. She was later raised. S-94 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Sunk by action against Royal Navy ships. S-128 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Collided with sister S-94 and sank. Yamashimo Maru (IJN repair ship): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Tang. 1945 CH-35 (IJN No.13-class submarine chaser): Bombed and sunk off Cape Paderan, French Indochina by US Air Force aircraft. Conte di Cavour (Kriegsmarine Conte di Cavour-class battleship): Capsized at Trieste, Italy, due to damage suffered during an American air raid on 17 February. She was scrapped in 1946. La Combattante (Free French Hunt-class destroyer): Damaged by a mine and split in two off Cromer, Norfolk, United Kingdom. V 6733 General Direktor Ballin (Kriegsmarine Vorpostenboot): Sunk at Horten, Norway by Allied aircraft. Yaku (IJN Ukuru-class escort): Torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea north-east of Nha Trang, French Indochina by USS Hammerhead.
  24. February 22 1940 Leberecht Maass (Kriegsmarine Type 1934-class destroyer): Bombed and damaged by a Heinkel He 111 aircraft of X Fliegerkorps, Luftwaffe. She then drifted into a minefield in the Dogger Bank, struck a mine and sank. Max Schultz (Kriegsmarine Type 1934-class destroyer): Struck a mine in the Dogger Bank and sank. She was attempting to rescue survivors from Leberecht Maass at the time. 1941 Marcello (RM Marcello-class submarine): Sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of the Hebrides, Scotland by HMS Montgomery. HMS Terror (RN Erebus-class monitor): Bombed and damaged in the Mediterranean Sea off Benghazi, Libya by Regia Aeronautica aircraft. She then struck two mines. She was again bombed by Regia Aeronautica aircraft the next day and was taken in tow by HMS Fareham and HMS Salvia. She sank on 24 February off Dernia, Libya. 1943 U-225 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by HMS Dianthus. U-606 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by ORP Burza and USCGC Campbell. HMCS Weyburn (Canadian Flower-class corvette): Struck a mine and sank in the Mediterranean Sea east of Gibraltar. 1944 CHa-29 (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Sunk by a mine near Kavieng, New Ireland. Francis Garnier (Vichy French gunboat): Struck a mine and sank in the Pacific Ocean off Cape St. Jacques, French Indochina. Fukuyama Maru (IJN auxiliary transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Tang. Nagaura (IJN Tategami Class salvage/repair tug): Shelled and sunk in the Pacific Ocean north west of Kavieng by USS Charles Ausburne, USS Dyson, USS Stanly, USS Conway and USS Spence. Natsushima (IJN Nasami-class coastal minelayer): Shelled and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Tingwon, New Ireland by USS Charles Ausburne, USS Dyson and USS Stanly. Tama Maru No. 8 Go (IJN auxiliary submarine chaser): Shelled and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Charles Ausburne, USS Dyson, USS Stanly, USS Conway and USS Spence. Teikyo Maru (IJA transport): Torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea by USS Puffer. 1945 R 4 (Kriegsmarine R 2-class minesweeper): Sunk in an American air raid on Albona, Adriatic Littoral Zone. TK-182 Trudyashchiysya Tambora (Soviet Navy G-5-class motor torpedo boat): Lost on this date. S 167 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Collided with another vessel and sank in the North Sea. S 193 (Kriegsmarine Type 1939/40 Schnellboot): Attacked a convoy of landing craft in the Thames Estuary and was sunk by the escorts. HMCS Trentonian (Canadian Flower-class corvette): Torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel off Falmouth, Cornwall by U-1004. U-300 (Kriegsmarine Type VIIC submarine): Depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of Cadiz, Spain by HMS Evadne, HMS Pincher and HMS Recruit. U-3042, U-3043 and U-3052 (Kriegsmarine Type XXI submarines): Destroyed still on their building slips in an American air raid on Bremen.
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