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Everything posted by Shirogane

  1. I am waiting for a sister ship Gneisenau
  2. Depending on whether I'll play the British, the Japanese, or Russians, I will use the pre-war Polish name of such a group of warships from class ships: - Dywizjon Kontrtorpedowców (The squadron destroyers) - Dywizjon Okrętów podwodnych (Submarine Squadron) Or refer to the names of weather phenomena.
  3. I was thinking, and while drinking good Polish beer Ciechan. And if in addition to a room or office appeared .................. Bar / Tavern . Where bells rested with a glass of beer or wine. It was a very historical and in accordance with the customs of sailors.
  4. ORP Mazur - heroic school ship, which fought to the end. The first Polish Navy ship sunken in combat and the first Allied warship sunk during World War II. Before the outbreak of World War I Koninklijke Marine (Dutch Royal Navy) ordered in the Szczecin shipyard Stettiner Maschinenbau AG Vulcan four torpedo boats. They were to receive the designation of "Z 1" to "Z 4". Formally classified as seagoing vessels - in fact, due to the small displacement, were units intended for operations in coastal waters. Keel was laid for the future "Z 1" (number of shipbuilding 353) took place in 1913. After the start of World War unfinished ship, located still on the slipway, 10 August 1914 was commandeered by the German Navy. Launching took place on August 26. Torpedo boat was then called "V-105". For service in the Kaiserliche Marine was incorporated March 23, 1915 year. He was used as an artillery school ship. After the end of World War I, the ship was on the Baltic Sea. On the basis of an agreement concluded November 18, 1918 by and between the victorious countries and Germany, she moved to the UK. After the end of World War I, the victorious powers divided among themselves the German fleet. With the reluctant position of the United Kingdom, Decision of the Council of Ambassadors of December 9, 1919 year to Poland was awarded six torpedo boats. In November 1920, the Department for Maritime Affairs (Departamencie dla Spraw Morskich -DSM) started to prepare to take over the ships. Rosyth went to Admiral Waclaw Kloczkowski and November 6, together with the Brazilian attaché conducted a review found there torpedo, which then by lottery fund were both Navy. Torpedo boat "V 105" in December 1919, he was awarded Brazil. The new buyer of the ship sold it to an English private company, J.A. White Shipbreaker. The company, which purchased from Brazil also twin "V 106", April 28, 1921 he sent to the DSM exchange offer of one of these ships bestowed on Poland "A 69" (as the most destroyed, he served as a warehouse of spare parts for other torpedo boats), for an additional charge £ 1000. Admiral Kloczkowski 30 June acquainted with the offer and began negotiations with the bidder. As a result, English company reduced the price to £ 900!, and also the Polish side may choose to ship in better condition and fill in the missing part of the second. On the basis of the contract of purchase-exchange signed August 5, 1921, by and among the Company, J.A. White Shipbreaker and DSM, represented by Commander Francis Dyrne, "V 105" was exchanged for granted Poland "A 69". The unit received no official command name "Mazur" (named for the Mazurian people), which was formerly known as swapped "A 69". Also, the ship's commander, Lieutenant Commander Witold Zajaczkowski appointed to this post February 10, 1921 year moved from the disposed on the acquired unit. September 8, 1921, a group of torpedo boats composed of "Mazur", "Ślązak" and "Góral" went on a trip to the Poland, towed by the tug "Bullger". During the cruise officers communicated in Russian, and non-commissioned officers in the German language. This was due to the lack of Polish naval terminology. (For 123 years did not used to exist Polish Navy) At night, however, was used for the communication code signal in the Polish language. After seven days of towing "Mazur", together with the other units arrived to Gdansk September 15, 1921. Torpedo boat began service under the Polish flag 1 August 1922 year, and the next day was the ceremonial raising of the flag. August 1 was incorporated into Dywizjonu Torpedowców (Division torpedo). Armament torpedo boat after entering the service consisted of two parcels cal. 47 mm and two machine guns cal. 7.92 mm. In 1925 she rearmed with two cannons on the basis of marine cal. 75 mm; They installed a dual torpedo launcher cal. 450 mm and the track minefield. The main task of "Mazur" was the training of new personnel for the Polish Navy. For this purpose, he held cruises to the Baltic ports. In 1922, he visited with other torpedos Copenhagen. In July 1925, together with "Podhalanin" held training cruise to Kalmar. In 1927, the torpedo boat transported from Gdynia to Gdansk coffin with ashes of Juliusz Słowacki - a Polish Romantic poet. "Mazur" served as the ship welcoming during a visit July 31, 1929 year to the roads in Gdynia, a team of Italian cruisers school "Francesco Ferrucio" and "Pisa". At the beginning of July 1930, he was with the "Wicher" role of an escort ship for ship "SS Polonia", on board of which flowed from an official visit to Estonia President of the Poland Ignacy Moscicki. In the same year, during the training, practice torpedo launched from the "Ślązak" hit in the side, "Mazur", thrusting the half and causing great damage. In the years 1935-1937 she underwent another reconstruction, during which he removed the rear chimney and rear mast and made retooling. After the reconstruction, 1 June 1937, he was again drafted into service in PMW under the command of Navy Captain Marian Wojcieszek. He served as the ship's Center for Training Specialists Fleet. ORP "Mazur" in defense of the Polish coast in 01.09.1939 Before the war, "Mazur" perform tasks related to transport war material from Gdynia to Hel. The outbreak of war found him in the harbor war in Oksywie, where it was moored at the west pier in a pool No. 2 commander of the ship was Captain mar. Tadeusz Rutkowski. That day she had to evacuate to Hel employee of the Department of Information of the Independent Fleet Command, Anna Starkównę. At. 14.00 Port attacked the 32 German planes dive-Junkers Ju 87B 'Stuka' squadron IV. (St) / LG 1. Ready to leave port, "Mazur", with half the crew of machine positions led anti-fire with 40 mm cannon and machine guns cal. 13.2 mm and 7.92 mm. At the end of the raid on the ship came a bomber, which dropped three bombs. The first of them were in a part of the beak lifting it away from the rest of the ship. The second exploded at the height of the pier running guns No. 1 and No. 2, and the explosion threw the ship from the waterfront at approx. 70 meters. Through broken skin began to fill with water, and the ship slowly began to sink. Despite numerous destruction and the loss of about 40 people, the other crew members conducted antiaircraft fire. The longest - until the waves washed away their deck, fought Lieutenant sailor. Jacenty Dehnel and artillery sailor Waclaw Armada attendant stern caliber anti-aircraft gun. 40 mm. From the wreckage they were dismantled and placed on the ground 75 mm cannon. Other equipment installed in improvised armored train "Smok Kaszubski", which used the Land Coastal Defence. After the war, the wreck was excavated by the Germans and cut into scrap. The heroic attitude of the staff and continuous fire antiaircraft limit losses on the first day at the port despite the superior forces of the enemy in the air. ORP "Mazur" became the first Polish Navy ship sunken in combat and the first Allied warship sunk during World War II.
  5. It's a very good idea of the great collection of gallery / archive section. Large amounts of drawings of different versions of an event in game. Such as the Hyperdimension Neptunia.
  6. About how Bielsko as Michel wreaked havoc in the oceans as a German auxiliary cruiser. This is a unique story of the ship, which had to swim under the white-red flag, but went to foreign fleets. He was to be the most modern seagoing ship built in Gdańsk shipyards, but won the infamous history as a merchant raider sunk during World War 17 Allied ships ... After Poland regained independence in 1918. I immediately realized the enormous potential of the maritime trade. The rapid pace began to emerge shipping company, which in addition to the transport of goods offered also attractive tourist cruises. Ships which then sailed under the Polish flag, created in foreign shipyards, only time decided to invest and develop the domestic shipbuilding industry. MS “Bielsko”- Unfinished Polish merchant navy ship Built by Danziger Werft in Danzig 1938/39 as the freighter “Bielsko” for the Polish Gdynia-America-Line (GAL), she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine 01.09.1939. "Bonn" - hospital ship Germany took over and finished the construction of the ship, initially giving it the name "Bonn" and setting him in the role of hospital ship . It is in this role the ship took part in the aggression against Norway in 1940. In 1941 the decision was made, however, attempted to "Bielsko" rebuild on the auxiliary cruiser. The ship was sent to the yard, where it has been necessary reconstruction and mounted the weapons used by the German auxiliary cruiser “Widder”. Six guns caliber 150 mm and one 105 mm caliber gun, four anti-aircraft cannon caliber 37mm and 20 mm, 6 × 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, two reconnaissance aircraft Arado Ar 196 A-2, and even a small torpedo boat LS 4 ”Esau” ! The work was completed 07.09.1941 and was given the name. “Michel” (HSK-9) - auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine merchant raider. Known as Schiff 28, her Royal Navy designation was Raider H. In his first mission he sailed 9 March 1942 of the year and worked mainly in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. During her 346 days at sea, Michel had encountered and sunk 14 allied merchant ships, for a total of 99,000 tons (GRT). In the second mission he came May 21, 1943 from Yokohama. The mission lasted for five months, during which the "Michel" circling the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Australia and South America, sinking 3 ships with a total tonnage of approx. 27000 BRT. October 20, 1943 was torpedoed by an American submarine USS "Tarpon" just 50 miles off the coast of Japan. "Michel" sank with 290 crew members, including the commander. Only 116 survivors reached safety in Japan after a three-day journey in open boats. The loss of the “Michel“ marked the end of the cruises of German auxiliary commerce raiders. She was the last operative German raider of World War II. Sunken ships: First cruise: 1942-04-19 Patella 7,468 GRT - British 1942-04-22 Connecticut 8,684 GRT - American 1942-05-20 Kattegat 4,245 GRT - Norwegian 1942-06-07 George Clymer 7,176 GRT - American 1942-06-11 Lylepark 5,186 GRT - British 1942-07-15 Gloucester Castle 8,006 GRT - British 1942-07-16 William F Humphrey 7,893 GRT - American 1942-07-17 Aramis 7,984 GRT - Norwegian 1942-08-14 Arabistan 5,874 GRT - British 1942-09-10 MS American Leader 6,778 GRT - American 1942-09-11 Empire Dawn 7,241 GRT - British 1942-11-29 Sawokla 5,882 GRT - American 1942-12-08 Eugenie Livanos 4,816 GRT - Greek 1943-01-02 Empire March 7,040 GRT - British Second cruise: 1943-06-15 Høegh Silverdawn 7,715 GRT - Norwegian 1943-06-17 Ferncastle 9,940 GRT - Norwegian 1943-09-11 India 9,977 GRT - Norwegian
  7. As for the cat ORP Wicher it is known that you can see it in the film "Rhapsody of the Baltic Sea" in 0.30 minutes. Unfortunately preserved, for it no relations sailors about him. Neither his name. There are various rumors. About mascots on large ships pre-war Polish Navy war is poorly explored by experts of the Polish fleet.
  8. Kicia (eng. Kitty) - cat mascot of the ORP "Burza". Black cat with a sixth sense On board the Polish destroyer ORP "Burza" service she was a kitten with a fairly common name "Kicia". Interestingly, there was a member in a conventional manner after its entry into service ship. She was on the board in a rather haphazard way, slipping wheel guard traps when the unit was stationed briefly at the base of the Hel Peninsula, just before the start of World War II. The commander of the destroyer LCDR. Stanislaw Nahorski found the appearance of cats as a good sign, and in consultation with other officers decided to enter it in the crew ... and wages. Thus, the "Kitty" received its own private salary for serving on one of the destroyers prewar PMW (Polskiej Marynarki Wojennej). Although it received a degree only younger sailor, it was located in the cab non-commissioned officers from the bow of the ship. Admittedly, the commander of the destroyer well judged that the appearance of cats on board crew will bring happiness. Thanks to the efficient work of the Polish intelligence large part of the Polish armed forces expected the imminent war with Nazi Germany. Therefore, the biggest ships PMW received encrypted secret order to leave the base and go to the UK (the plan "Peking"). In the band units provided in this mission was and "Burza" (except it also destroyers ORP "Błyskawica" and "Grom"). board after leaving the base in Gdynia, 30 August 1939 year without obstacles arrived at UK, where the outbreak of the war, came under the command of the Royal Navy. ORP "Burza" successfully implemented all combat missions during World War II. Once cat "Kicia" was born in his cabin six kittens. Thus, the cat crew rapidly increased, but the crew apparently did not mind. Some time later, during one of the powerful Atlantic storms "Kicia" moved her kittens on the stern, the ship's laundry (Stack them on a dry towel) right next to the cabin lieutenant Tumaniszwili. At first thought, and he had just enough potting part of its cabin by the sea waves during high sea state. Soon, however, this theory was challenged (...) Just a few days after the "Kicia" moved her kittens on the stern, ORP "Burza" took part in combat operations near Calais. Dated May 27, 1940 at Sangatte ship with the British destroyers HMS "Vimiera" and HMS "Wessex" fired motorized column Wehrmacht. The course of fire for land, ships were attacked by a number of dive bombers Ju-87 belonging to the Luftwaffe. Exploding bombs caused damage near some equipment, torpedo tubes and fittings of the boiler No. 1 and as a result she began leveling off speed. Therefore, the commander ordered to throw overboard depth charges and torpedoes. In the meantime, the crew of the destroyer boasted some shooting down two enemy aircraft. Moments later, "Burza" received a direct hit two bombs weighing 250 kg. As the destroyers units are relatively small, and this unarmoured, the damage was immense. The first bomb hit the foredeck, broke it, and not exploding fell into the water, the second exploded right behind kluz anchor causing the breaking part of the bottom of the ship. The destroyer took a strong of trim of up the bow, but transverse bulkheads durable water pressure and she kept the combat readiness. In contrast, the complete devastation were all communal areas on pecks, including cabin cat "Kicia", which is like through the "sixth sense" in the time left this place with kittens. After makeshift repairs and commissioning of the boiler, accompanied by the destroyer HMS "Vimiera" moved to Dover, the last part of the way she made in tow tug. From Dover "Burza" was towed to Portsmouth to repair. None of the crew laughed then separate "Kicia" with kittens. All cats therefore remain on board the destroyer. By the end of the war, however, the cat crew thinned because during numerous stops ship in the ports and bases, longer growing kittens simply went his way (some hit the other units, and some are on land, in a port rat-catchers). When the war ended, on board the destroyer remained only "Kicia", which was soon fired from service due to old age. One of the rumors is that the cat has been with one of the sailors in the UK, who do not want to return to the communist Poland. To the country aboard "Burza" in September 1951, there were no longer returned no cat ... Have survived three pictures of "Kitty" and her young.
  9. I'll talk about a little-known events in the West that could cause that World War II could not come to her in 1939. Thanks to Jozef Pilsudski could prevent World War II. We were able to save 50 million people. Europe to get rid of the Führer before created a military power. It has just Pilsudski as the only European leaders saw a threat to the entire continent in conquering power in Germany Hitler. For several years, he provoked the Germans to bring about a preventive war, which the Poles would surely have won. January 30, 1933, with the support of the majority of the generals, leading representatives of industry and finance, Adolf Hitler was appointed by Paul von Hindenburg as chancellor of Germany. 27 February of the same year, burned down the Reichstag (parliament) in Berlin. Hitler, of course, used the event for their own purposes. With a neutral attitude Hindenburg dissolved the parliament. March 23 introduced a law on powers of attorney, which in practice transferred all power to Hitler. Pilsudski well knowing the murderous plans of Hitler, saw in it a threat peace prevailing at that time in Europe. Marshal well aware that the outbreak of another war is only a matter of time. He was not indifferent to this because he knew that the scene of the fighting could again become Poland. The aide Lepecki Pilsudski once asked whether Hitler is going to the invasion of Poland. Pilsudski replied: "Even if we attacked him, it would also be defending." Therefore Marshal begin preparations for preventive war, still at the same time provoke the Germans. In March 1931, the Senate of the Free City of Danzig unilaterally pronounced the agreement for use by Polish ships from the Port of Gdansk as a port d'attache. Council of the League of Nations September 19, 1931, he turned over the matter to the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague on December 11 stated that the existing agreements do not constitute a basis for the stationing of Polish navy warships in Gdansk. Protest of the Polish authorities to the Council of the League of Nations was rejected, also recommended that the authorities of the Republic and the Free City of regulated this matter directly with each other. May 1, 1932, the Senate of the Free City, using the ruling, has introduced a new port regulations, according to which the Polish ships were to be treated the same as the ships of other countries, ie. The entrance to the port of Gdansk would be possible only after obtaining the consent of the Senate. The case stood on a knife-edge in 1932, against scheduled for June this year, the visit of the Royal Navy destroyers in Gdansk. Wherein was an incident on June 15, 1932., When his personal order, without the consent of the German authorities of the Free City of Danzig, the port received a Polish destroyer "Wicher" to do the honors to the visiting city squadron of ships of the British Royal Navy composed of HMSS "Campbell", "Westminster", "Walpole," and "Vidette" under the command of Cdr. H.D. Pridhama-Wippel. For this crew, "Wicher" received the order to fire to the nearest government building if the authorities had opposed the ship. After taking the position of Hitler chancellor in January 30, 1933, Pilsudski took into account the possibility of a short and a local conflict with Germany in the spring of 1933. He wanted to irritate Hitler that he first attacked. March 6, 1933 r. Polish freighter "Wilia" landed in the Polish guards at Westerplatte additional, unforeseen in the contract company of infantry. Half a year later in Krakow Błoniach organized the largest parade in the history of Polish cavalry. Pulled on her best units as if they set off to war. October 6, 1933 year in Poland gen. Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer decrees alarm. Then just held exercises near the border with Germany, which was attended by about 80% of large units of the Polish Army. That day, collected between Katowice and Krakow 110 thousand soldiers in full readiness. As a result of reports Abwery, Germany treated seriously the possibility of attack from Polish. Frightened Minister of War gen. Von Blomberg, has issued October 25, 1933 r. Directive for the German armed forces in the event of conflict with the Poland. 2 May 1933 year, the Pilsudski made a formal ultimatum to Hitler; Germany or they renounce request revision of the Polish border, or war! Hitler passed it on behalf of the Marshal, at a meeting in the building of the Reich Chancellery Alfred Wysocki, Polish ambassador in Berlin. Hitler was shocked he had not yet had a powerful army. Therefore, there was nothing to but to accept the ultimatum and continue to adhere to the existing treaties. A week before the Berlin meeting was held; Hitler and the Reichswehr members discussed the possibility of attack from Polish. The generals have convinced Hitler to resign Poland argued that the Germany that can effectively defend against the Poles only a 30-mile front and do not have the resources to run the war. Polish Army in 1933, had a good chance to win the war with Germany. Third Reich then stuck in an economic crisis. Hitler wanted to quickly militarize the army, but it was not so easy. Germany did not have an army, only a weak 100 thousand. Reichswere. Pilsudski while his disposal 400 thousand. well-trained soldiers, a small amount of motorized equipment, but the Germans by the limitations of the Versailles Treaty had even less. Polish artillery, mobile and well-armed with cannons, machine guns and mortars cavalry brigade gave us a big advantage. When performing general mobilization could gain further 250- 300 thousand. soldiers. We also had ammunition, when Germany did not have them at all. East Prussia, the Free City of Gdańsk and the western part of Silesia were practically defenseless, you could take them almost without a fight. Pilsudski was well aware that he could not himself overthrow Hitler. Therefore repeatedly appealed to the leaders of other countries. He tried to draw attention to the growing threat from Nazi Germany. The most he wanted the support of France and Britain. He led them to numerous requests, or in the event of an attack will be able to help Poland. The answers did not sound encouraging. France and England did not see the danger of Hitler. On the Seine he was considered rather fanatic. Anyway, when in 1939, the Germans occupied Czechoslovakia and the Sudeten, France and England are still unaware of the seriousness of the situation. The problem noticed only in 1940, when Hitler invaded Western Europe, including France. The British feared that the war with Germany will bring 30 thousand. victims and did not want to take a chance. Wonder if ignored by Pilsudski if they knew that World War II would bring sky-high number of over 50 million victims. 25 July 1932 Poland concluded a non-aggression pact with Soviet Russia, that in case of war with Hitler not get hit in the back of Stalin. Pilsudski good intentions it shows his conversation with Lt.-Col. Kazimierz Glabiszem, an officer of the Order of the Marshal: "The dream of Germany is a result of cooperation with Russia, as in the days of Bismarck. Access to such cooperation would be our undoing. Do not let this happen you can not. Despite huge differences in the systems and culture of Russia and Germany, you have to constantly keep an eye on this matter. The world has already established strange alliances. What to do? Depending on the situation: intimidation or weaker, or subsequent relieving relations. The game will be difficult paralysis of will and short-sightedness of the West” Despite the misunderstanding in the governments of France and England, Pilsudski did not give up a preventive war. He spoke about the diplomatic support also to the United States. He was friends with President Hoover, who, like Pilsudski understood the Nazi threat. At the command of Hoover were taken secret military and diplomatic consultations with the Poles. In September 1932 came to Warsaw gen. Douglas MacArthur, chief of staff of US forces. Received from the Poles the most secret Soviet codes "Viola" (used by the Russians until 1954.) And "Revolution" and the elements of the German encrypting machine – Enigma. Gen. Douglas MacArthur authorization can be the first Allied commander, who saw a broken Enigme and knew about her a lot of Poles. (in December 1932, the Polish engineers have broken its code as the first). Soviet codes were to be thanking you for giving support to the diplomatic pressure on Germany. Nevertheless, thanks to demonstrations of military strength, Germany twice have accepted the Polish ultimatum which allowed to obtain some concessions and the conclusion of a nonaggression pact. After Pilsudski's death, he began the policy of balancing between the Third Reich and the Soviet Union. The new Marshal, Gen. Edward Rydz-Śmigły on the state of the Polish armed forces as a "near disaster". Although Germany rebuilt economic power, the German generals still afraid of the Polish Army, believed that Germany will be ready for war until 1942 and strongly opposed the attack on Poland in September 1939, which caused a fury of Hitler.
  10. Very good interview. All the time I wondered why Wicher has a pair of scissors in his hand. Now I know. I was surprised about the topic wycinakach. Which is a plus. Poland is a world leader in paper models and has the best companies producing models at a high level and complexity . There is also a harbinger of the next Polish ships. It remains to wait for the next .
  11. It is not true that the French do not want to fight at the beginning of World War II. A year before the outbreak of war in France created (besides existing today) IFOP - Institut Français d'Opinion Publique, which the French Institute of Public Opinion. Until September 1939 he had to carry out several important surveys. They shed some light on what they thought about the situation in Europe, ordinary Frenchmen, not the political elite. Let's start with the Munich conference (29-30 September 1938). We are accustomed to the vision according to which the French feted filled with relief returning from Germany President Daladier, who gave Czechoslovakia into the hands of the Nazis, as long as buy some peace of Western Europe. Indeed, the crowds cheered in Paris, but against the agreement. At the same time 70% of respondents said that if Hitler make further request that France and the United Kingdom should answer them by force. Note that not all reviews were embedded in a vacuum. Ordinary French authentically expecting a war. As noted by Daniel Hucker in the book "Public Opinion and the End of Appeasement in Britain and France," in April 1939 45% of respondents predicted that the European armed conflict break out in a few months. Another survey, in June 1939 brought even more surprising results. While the atmosphere on the continent thickened, and the war literally hung in the balance, IFOP decided to check whether the French are willing to die for Gdansk and is holding its declaration of a few months because Hitler was put forward new demands! The fundamental question was: "Is France should use military force to maintain the current status of Gdansk?". Shocking results given in book "Poisoned peace" Gregor Dallas. 76% of respondents answered "yes." Only 17% were against, and 7% had no opinion. In France, however, in contrast for example to the United States, the authorities have not had attached no meaningless to public opinion polls. It is worth noting that in the UK also carried out before the war polls, which - despite the alleged distancing Brits! - have brought identical results. On the pages of "Public Opinion and the End of Appeasement ..." we read that 76% of respondents in the UK, interviewed by Gallup, agreed that their country should fight for Gdańsk. Politics and military doctrines of England and of France led to such a beginning of the war. September 12, 1939 was held in Abbeville secret Anglo-French conference, enhancing the issue of aid Poland. It was considered not about helping Poland and cessation of fighting the French troops in Germany. About this learned after World War II. What's funny after five years - in September 1944 - the town was liberated by Poles from First Polish armored division. In Polish French Pact French troops had to attack the Germans over the front after two weeks of the entire army. They frightened, another player of Soviet Russia and Germany and their pact not to aggression and mutual assistance. When the Polish army fought with the German army and the expected support from the east of Poland, the Soviets invaded unexpectedly 17.09.1939 helping Hitler destroying the Polish army. World War I made great havoc across the continent, not only in France. No country except the Soviet Russia was not ready for the next great war.
  12. Yes he served during World War II. Briefly, but bravely. From 01.09.1939 to 11.09. On the first day of the war air force bomb he hits him in the aft superstructure. It survived numerous bombings. Ship despite the the inability to move around he took part in the antiaircraft defense the port of Gdynia and tried to shoot his artillery German unit attacking Gdynia. Because of the terrible situation in the defense of the Polish coast. 11.09.1939 dismantled armament of the ship and the crew joined in to defend Gdynia and Oksywie from the land. Germany for almost a week shooting abandoned ship. Even the battleship “Schleswig-Holstein”shoot ORP "Baltic", but all artillery shells were placed were not the target. On September 21, after heavy fighting Polish naval base Oksywie (district of Gdynia), and with them and ORP "Bałtyk" fall into the hands of the Germans. For a time, "Bałtyk" was used by the Germans as a hulk apartment crews U-boots, and was scrapped. Most common in version of the scrapped ship in Gdansk in 1942. Germany have called the ship: “Polnisch Panzerschiff”. Before the war he served in the Polish Navy as training ship and hulk apartment.
  13. -Polish ex- French protected cruiser ORP Bałtyk 1896!
  14. The Peking Plan or Operation Peking - withdrawal operation part of the Polish Navy three destroyers from the Baltic Sea to Britain before the outbreak of World War II. This operation had no official codename, but it is commonly called by historians the plan "Pekin", from the sound signal for its implementation. Codename this plan, derived from the name of the capital of China, in the postwar publications usually given in a modern sound "Pekin" (transcription Chinese-Mandarin), but in the original order it occurs in the pre-war spell: "Peking" (transcribed Japanese-Manchurian Beijing names). The plan included the withdrawal Destroyers Squadron composed of three Polish destroyers ORP "Błyskawica" ("Lightning"), "Grom" ("Thunder") and "Burza" ("Storm"). This solution was dictated by a high probability of destruction these ships, if in case the expected war with Germany remained at the Baltic Sea. These ships were relatively large and there was a great risk that in the first days of the war will be destroyed by enemy air force as an easy target. It was decided to leave the country's fourth destroyer ORP "Wicher" ("Gale") because it was supposed to insure minelayer ORP "Gryf" ("Griffin") and needed to general overhaul mechanisms, and also was previously expected to intervene in Gdansk, in the case of the attempt to annexation of the city by the Germans. In case the Germans occupied Gdansk ORP "Wicher" was supposed to strafe German authorities: German buildings and mail and provide support to offensive Polish infantry from Westerplatte. In view of the Polish-British alliance, destroyers had to go to the British ports and from there together with the British cause of action against the Third Reich. On the other hand, after the outbreak of the war tear the surface ships of the Baltic Sea through the Danish Straits would be impossible to German blockade. Approved evacuation destroyers expressed in the May 1939 General Inspector of the Armed Forces march. Edward Rydz-Rydz and the British Admiralty. Within August 1939 for authorization on the implementation of the plan addressed repeatedly chief of the Directorate of the Polish Navy cadmium. Jerzy Świrski. The plan to withdraw three destroyers eventually took the form of a special command Fleet Commander Rear Admiral Unruga No. 1000 on August 26, 1939. This order was received and the commander of the destroyer squadron leader in secured envelopes with the inscription: "Nankin-Nanjing” or “Peking-Beijing" which were to be open to the three-time radio signal "Peking" or "Nankin"by the Polish Radio Warsaw. Plan "Peking" provided immediately leave the port and team leader left the decision on the choice of route and speed, and the plan "Nanjing" predicted leaving the base of the calculation to between Bornholm and Christiansø be after sunset, and near Malmo - midnight. Task: Dyon composed of O.O.R.P. "Błyskawica", "Grom" and "Burza" has a special command to go to England. (...) 6. From the minute you leave the base - the total combat readiness. 7. Before the declaration of war to act only if clearly aggressive opponent (the use of weapons, an insult to the flag) 8. After the termination of the war - in the event of meeting the enemy from fighting not avoid. If the meeting overwhelming force - to try to break away from the enemy. After exhausting all means of combat or if the situation becomes difficult, you should aim to take refuge in a neutral port, mainly Swedish, as a last resort - all other, unless the return to the base will be feasible. If the shelter is in a foreign port is not feasible - to destroy the ship. (...) August 30, 1939. Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły decided to refer three destroyers to England. That day at 12.55 transferred code flagship of the signal tower at Oksywie to Destroyer Squadron command reads: Dyon KT. Peking. At 14.15 destroyers under the command of the commander of the squadron commander Lt. Roman Stankiewicz set off on the road to the UK. ORP "Błyskawica" under the command of Lieutenant Commander Wlodzimierza Kodrębskiego, ORP "Burza" the commander of Lieutenant Commander Stanislaw Nahorskim and "Grom" commanded by Lieutenant Commander Wlodzimierza Hulewicz passed fairly quietly through the Baltic Sea, but were discovered by the German submarine "U-31" approx. 55 km north of Rozewie and patrol boat "Vorpostenboot 7". At the height of Bornholm Polish team was followed by unnoticed German destroyers "Friedrich Ihn", "Erich Steinbrinck", "Friedrich Eckoldt" and "Bruno Heinemann". Polish team then went to the Øresund Sound, encountering there just after midnight, three miles south of lightship "Falsterborev", the German light cruiser "Königsberg" and a destroyer and two old torpedo “T 107” and “T 111”, which came out about 20.55 in the sea from Sassnitz. Announced the alarm of fire on Polish ships, but, there were no clashes, as the Kriegsmarine sailors have not yet had orders to begin warfare. Polish ships then passed the Kattegat and Skagerrak. August 31 the band was detected by the submarine “U-5” and “U-19” and accompanied by a certain time two German seaplanes, so to confuse them, the Polish team headed for the shores of Norway. At that time, the German radio Breslau reported in the Polish service information output from the Polish squadron. During the night of August 31 to September 1 they changed course to Great Britain, and then squadron passed through the North Sea. About 9.25 crew learned on the radio about the war. At 12.58 Polish ships met with British destroyers HMS "Wanderer" and "Wallace", Captain S. H. Denisa - liaison officer - and a signaller and radio operator. He led the ships into port. After entering the Firth of Forth Polish squadron in the chair. 17.37 anchored within the port of Edinburgh. September 3, 1939 Great Britain and France declared war on the Third Reich. The departure of Polish destroyers to the West has been badly received by part of the armed forces and Polish society. It allowed, however, to attend Polish ships in hostilities alongside the Royal Navy from the very beginning of the war and was protected them from the undoubted rapid destruction, as demonstrated by the fate of the fourth destroyer ORP "Wicher" and the minelayer ORP "Gryf", which remained on the Polish coast were sunk in the region Hel by the German air force already on September 3, 1939. in the face of the withdrawal of Polish destroyers, Germany on August 30 appealed from the Baltic to the North Sea forces team consisting of 3 light cruisers wiceadm. Hermann Denscha ("Nuremberg", "Cologne" and "Leipzig") and the submarine "U-31", "U-32", "U-35". ORP "Błyskawica" and "Burza" survived World War II.
  15. For Wicher: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XTlmyF3G8Zw Marching version Warszawianki For Burza: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awoYWxnJUqo Intro and song from the movie: PL Jak rozpętałem II wojnę światową - ANG How I Unleashed World War II. Very good Polish comedy. Song: Andrzej Żarnecki - Róża i bez
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